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The long-term outcome and admission features predictive of outcome were determined for 61 patients with group B streptococcal meningitis treated between 1974 and 1979. Infection was rapidly fatal in 13 patients (21%). Among the 48 survivors, 38 (79%) 3 years of age or older were available for comprehensive evaluation. Excluding five who had died before age(More)
Twenty-nine low-birth-weight infants who survived neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) were followed up prospectively and were last examined at a mean age of 3 1/2 years. The mean gestational age (+/- SD) of the group was 28.9 weeks (+/- 2.4 weeks), and the mean birth weight (+/- SD) was 1,167 g (+/- 292 g). Ten patients (34%) had normal neurologic(More)
During solo calling, pulse periods gradually changed by up to 15 % over several minutes. Pairs of calling males synchronized their pulses. The pulse rate (10–14 Hz) was considerably faster than the rate of synchronized signal units in other insects (0.5–3 Hz). Within each pulse cycle, males made only small adjustments to their pulse period, leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin (LEP) is a hormone central for energy homeostasis and has been implicated in neurodevelopment. This adipokine is produced by the placenta and is epigenetically regulated by promoter DNA methylation. Recent evidence has suggested a role for LEP in behavioral development. In this study, we investigated associations between profiles of human(More)
Females of many species show strong directional preferences for costly male signals, which serve as indicators of male quality. Leader preference, a directional preference for males producing their signals ahead of their neighbors’, is unusual in that there are no inherent costs to producing the attractive signal. Nonetheless, interacting males compete to(More)