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BACKGROUND Oral fumarate (BG00012) might have dual anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of BG00012 in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS 257 patients, aged 18-55 years, with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis were randomly assigned to receive 120 mg once daily (n=64),(More)
Natalizumab, a highly specific α4-integrin antagonist, is approved for treatment of patients with active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It is generally recommended for individuals who have not responded to a currently available first-line disease-modifying therapy or who have very active disease. The expected benefits of natalizumab(More)
We studied 36 patients (24 males, 12 females), all of whom had definite subacute sclerosing panencephalitis with typical periodic complexes in their electroencephalograms and increased titers of measles antibody in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. Their clinical and laboratory findings on admission were reviewed retrospectively. The age at onset of symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Immunomodulatory therapies are widely used in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) and safety and tolerability is well-established. Although at least 5% of all patients with MS experience the clinical onset of their disease prior to age 18 years, the available literature on safety and tolerability of immunomodulatory therapies for pediatric-onset(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the natural history, survival, and prognostic factors in a sample of Turkish MS patients. METHOD This multicenter study included 1,259 definite MS patients diagnosed according to the criteria of Poser et al. Actuarial analysis of selected disability levels of 3, 6, 8, and 10 achieved with the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS); a(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the incidence and pattern of epilepsy in patients with periventricular leukomalacia (PVLM) in two specialty clinic settings. BACKGROUND Motor and cognitive deficit as well as epilepsy are common in patients with PVLM. With modern imaging techniques, PVLM is now easily recognized. METHODS Epileptic seizures and syndromes as well as(More)
BG-12, an immunomodulatory agent, reduces frequency of new gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesions in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). This study reports the effect of 240 mg BG-12 orally three times daily (tid) for 24 weeks on the evolution of new Gd+ lesions to T1-hypointense lesions. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from patients in placebo and(More)
In order to outline the clinical and EEG characteristics of recurrent absence status epilepticus (ASE), eight cases with more than two attacks of ASE were studied. Their current ages were between 13 and 84 years, and five of the patients were women. There was a history of epilepsy in five of the patients before the first ASE episode. A varying degree of(More)
The existence of recessive transmission of Dejerine-Sottas disease, a severe demyelinating neuropathy of childhood, has been questioned, because only heterozygous mutations of the myelin proteins P0 or PMP22 genes have been identified in virtually all patients with this phenotype. We report on a family with 3 affected children with this phenotype, born to(More)
alpha B-Crystallin, a small heat shock protein, is an immunodominant antigen with increased tissue expression in demyelination. To investigate the humoral response against alpha B-crystallin, the sera and CSF samples of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD) and other non-inflammatory neurological(More)