Meera Penumetcha

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OBJECTIVE The relationships among skeletal muscle lipid peroxidation, intramyocellular lipid content (IMCL), and insulin sensitivity were evaluated in nine insulin-sensitive (IS), 13 insulin-resistant (IR), and 10 adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). DESIGN Insulin sensitivity was assessed by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp [glucose disposal rate (GDR)].(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated nuclear receptors that respond to several exogenous and endogenous ligands by modulating genes related to lipid, glucose, and insulin homeostasis. PPARγ, expressed in adipose tissue and liver, regulates lipid storage and glucose metabolism and is the target of type 2 diabetes drugs,(More)
Livers of C57 BL/6 mice exercised for 2 weeks showed a dramatic increase in scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1), CD36 and low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and a decrease in acetyl LDL receptor gene expression. These effects on lipoprotein receptors are reminiscent of the effects mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARgamma) ligands.
Exercise is recommended both as a prophylactic and also as a therapeutic approach for patients with established coronary artery disease. In this study, we investigated the effect of a normal chow diet, with or without exercise in LDL r-/- mice with preexisting atherosclerotic lesions. A total of 28 LDL r-/- mice (LDL receptor knock out mice, 4-6 weeks old)(More)
Most clinical trials on antioxidants using vitamin E or beta-carotene have failed to note any significant change in cardiovascular endpoints. The results of these studies have been interpreted as a setback for the oxidation hypothesis. An analysis of the hypothesis and the trials, however, points out major misconceptions about the hypothesis and unjustified(More)
Diet has profound effects on the development of atherosclerosis. Fatty acid composition, antioxidants, and other components such as lignans have major effects on the atherosclerotic process. Sesame oil has both mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acid constituents in equal proportions. In addition, it also has high levels of numerous antioxidants and inducers(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo)A-I, the major protein component of HDL, is synthesized principally in the small intestine and liver. Recently we observed an increase in plasma apoA-I level in humans who were on an oxidized fat diet. To test whether oxidized fatty acids could affect apoA-I synthesis, we incubated day 4 (undifferentiated) and day 14 (differentiated)(More)
A corollary to the oxidation hypothesis of atherosclerosis is that the consumption of antioxidants is beneficial. However, the literature is divided in support of this conclusion. In this study, Boldine, an alkaloid of Peumus boldus and reduced form of RU486, was tested for their antioxidant potency both in, in vitro oxidation system and in mouse models.(More)
Many students at minority-serving institutions are underexposed to Internet resources such as the human genome project, PubMed, NCBI databases, and other Web-based technologies because of a lack of financial resources. To change this, we designed and implemented a new bioinformatics component to supplement the undergraduate Genetics course at Clark Atlanta(More)
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of oxidized linoleic acid (Ox-LA) on plasma leptin and to determine the relationship between plasma leptin levels and atherosclerosis in animals treated with Ox-LA. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor knockout (LDL r(-/-)) mice were fed a high fat diet with or without Ox-LA for 11 weeks. Plasma(More)