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BACKGROUND In the context of an aging end-stage renal disease population with multiple comorbid conditions, transplantation professionals face challenges in evaluating the global health of patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Functional status might be useful for identifying which patients will derive a survival benefit from transplantation versus(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcopenia is a risk-factor for all-cause mortality among older adults, but it is unknown if sarcopenia predisposes older adults to specific causes of death. Further, it is unknown if the prognostic role of sarcopenia differs between males and females, and obese and non-obese individuals. METHODS A population-based cohort study among 4425 older(More)
Clostridium difficile remains the leading cause of health care-associated infectious diarrhea, and its incidence and severity are increasing in liver transplant recipients. Several known risk factors for C difficile infection (CDI) are inherently associated with liver transplantation, such as severe underlying illness, immunosuppression, abdominal surgery,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases and risk factors are disproportionally concentrated among the socioeconomically disadvantaged in high-income countries; however, this relationship is not well-understood or documented in resource-limited countries. METHODS We analysed data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey to estimate age-, sex- and(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that objectively measured physical function predicts mortality among cancer survivors. METHODS We assessed objectively measured physical function including the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and fast walk speed in older adult cancer survivors. RESULTS Among 413 cancer survivors, 315 (76%) died during a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to characterize the relationship of patient-reported functional limitations, gait speed, and mortality risk among cancer survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study included cancer survivors from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey. Patient-reported functional limitations were quantified by asking participants to(More)
The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network gives priority in kidney allocation to prior live organ donors who require a kidney transplant. In this study, we analyzed the effect of this policy on facilitating access to transplantation for prior donors who were wait-listed for kidney transplantation in the United States. Using 1:1 propensity(More)
Kidney transplantation is a cost-saving treatment that extends the lives of patients with ESRD. Unfortunately, the kidney transplant waiting list has ballooned to over 100,000 Americans. Across large areas of the United States, many kidney transplant candidates spend over 5 years waiting and often die before undergoing transplantation. However, more than(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown if physical activity and good diet quality modify the risk of poor outcomes, such as mortality, among older adults with sarcopenia. AIM To examine if physical activity and good diet quality modify the risk of poor outcomes, such as mortality, among older adults with sarcopenia. METHODS A population-based cohort study among 1618(More)