Meera Govindaswami

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Quantitative PCR (qPCR) has recently been used to quantify microorganisms in complex communities, including dental plaque biofilms. However, there is variability in the qPCR protocols being used. This study was designed to evaluate the validity of two of these variables with the intent of developing a more standardized qPCR protocol. The two variables(More)
Rats weighing 300-350 g had catheters placed in the femoral artery (for hemorrhage), tail artery for blood pressure (BP) measurements and the tail vein (for administration of opioids) controls received saline or opioids without hemorrhage. For the moderate hemorrhage studies (5.5 ml hemorrhage volume) animals received saline or Deltorphin-D (Delt-D) a delta(More)
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