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AIMS To study the prevalence of tuberculosis infection among children in household contact with adults having pulmonary tuberculosis, and identify the possible risk factors. METHODS Children under the age of 5 years who were in household contact with 200 consecutive adults with pulmonary tuberculosis underwent tuberculin skin testing. Transverse(More)
Telemonitoring is a medical practice that involves remotely monitoring patients who are not at the same location as the health care provider. The purpose of our study was to use handheld tele-electrocardiogram (ECG) developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) to identify heart conditions in the rural underserved population where the doctor-patient(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a systematic review to find out the role of probiotics in treatment of allergic airway diseases.   METHODS A comprehensive search of the major electronic databases was done till March 2013. Trials comparing the effect of probiotics versus placebo were included. A predefined set of outcome measures were assessed. Continuous data(More)
INTRODUCTION Each SAARC nation falls in the zone of high incidence of pneumococcal disease but there is a paucity of literature estimating the burden of pneumococcal disease in this region. OBJECTIVE To identify the prevalent serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease in children of SAARC countries, to determine the coverage of these serotypes by the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the evidence regarding efficacy of oral amoxicillin compared to standard treatment for WHO-defined severe community acquired pneumonia in under-five children in developing country. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of data from published Randomized trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES MEDLINE (1970- July 2012) via PubMed, Cochrane(More)
Perinatal tuberculosis is insufficiently understood and has been rarely reported even in areas endemic for the disease, and unless a high index of suspicion is maintained the diagnosis can be missed. Differentiation of congenital from early postnatally acquired tuberculosis is only of epidemiological importance. We hereby report one case of congenital(More)
The optimal antibiotic regimen is unclear in management of pulmonary infections due to pseudomonas and staphylococcus in cystic fibrosis (CF). We systematically searched all the published literature that has considered the evidence for antimicrobial therapies in CF till June 2013. The key findings were as follows: inhaled antipseudomonal antibiotic improves(More)
Background. Studies have found an increased incidence of vitamin D deficiency in children with pneumonia; however, there is no conclusive data regarding the direct effect of vitamin D supplementation in acute pneumonia. Methods. A comprehensive search was performed of the major electronic databases till September 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs)(More)
Despite the availability of several formulations of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and delivery devices for treatment of childhood asthma and despite the development of evidence-based guidelines, childhood asthma control remains suboptimal. Improving uptake of asthma management plans, both by families and practitioners, is needed. Adherence to daily ICS(More)
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an important cause of lower respiratory tract infections, resulting in exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite its pathogenic potential, little is known regarding the role of intracellular NTHi in pathogenesis of pulmonary infection. Kinetics of NTHi internalization was studied(More)