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Phospholipase D (PLD) activity was determined in rat hippocampal slices between postnatal days 3 and 35. After birth, basal PLD activity was low and, within 2 weeks, increased to reach a plateau that was maintained up to the adult age. Likewise the response to glutamate developed postnatally to reach a maximum at day 8, but then faded rapidly and was almost(More)
The present study was aimed at characterizing the metabotropic receptor subtype which is involved in the activation of phospholipase D (PLD) by glutamate in rat hippocampal slices. We first observed that the ontogenetic profile of glutamate-induced hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and of phosphatidylcholine was strikingly similar. Both pathways were(More)
Extensive idiotypic connectivity has been discovered between the antibodies composing the immune responses against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and alpha-1,3-dextran. The idiotypic connections form an elaborate network linking these disparate antigen systems, and there is an hierarchical organization of the antibodies in this network. The key anti-Ids(More)
Precursors of B cells capable of responding to a T-independent form of phosphorylcholine (PC) in splenic focus assays were detected in the spleens of neonatal mice as early as 4 days after birth. The earliest anti-PC B cells were T15-. T15+ foci-forming B cells were first detected 6 days after birth and expanded rapidly to constitute greater than 80% of the(More)
One mechanism which generates diversity in immunoglobulin variable (V) regions is flexibility in the site of recombination among the constituent genetic elements. Within a specific antibody family (that is, a particular VH-VL combination), variability in V-D-J rearrangement not only leads to sequence diversity at the boundary of the juxtaposed genes, but(More)
In inbred strains of mice, antiphosphorylcholine (PC) and anti-alpha 1,3 dextran (DEX) antibodies are structurally distinct from each other and have been shown to exhibit noncross-reactive antigen binding and idiotypic specificities. However, the prototype anti-PC and anti-DEX antibodies, TEPC15 and J558, respectively, were shown to be connected via a(More)
Wild-type (Canton-S) Drosophila melanogaster larvae are generally repelled by white light. Mutant larval photokinesis A (lphA) larvae are less strongly repelled than controls. Mutant Larval photokinesis B (LphB) larvae are unresponsive to light, as are larvae from LI2, an isofemale line whose progenitors were recently derived from a natural population. To(More)
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