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A large number of hybridomas were constructed by fusion of B cells from perinatal liver and spleen. Many of these showed multispecificity, high interconnectivity and anti-idiotype (Id) activity. Several of these were subjected to a detailed analysis to evaluate their influence on the developing immune system. A hybridoma BD2 (mu,kappa), derived from(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) activity was determined in rat hippocampal slices between postnatal days 3 and 35. After birth, basal PLD activity was low and, within 2 weeks, increased to reach a plateau that was maintained up to the adult age. Likewise the response to glutamate developed postnatally to reach a maximum at day 8, but then faded rapidly and was almost(More)
Extensive idiotypic connectivity has been discovered between the antibodies composing the immune responses against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and alpha-1,3-dextran. The idiotypic connections form an elaborate network linking these disparate antigen systems, and there is an hierarchical organization of the antibodies in this network. The key anti-Ids(More)
The present study was aimed at characterizing the metabotropic receptor subtype which is involved in the activation of phospholipase D (PLD) by glutamate in rat hippocampal slices. We first observed that the ontogenetic profile of glutamate-induced hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and of phosphatidylcholine was strikingly similar. Both pathways were(More)
The isolation of multispecific B cell hybridomas with a variety of anti-idiotype (anti-Id) activities from the lymphoid organs of fetal and neonatal BALB/c mice suggested that the development of the immune system may depend on Id interactions among autologous B cells. In vitro analysis of antibodies secreted by these hybridomas showed extensive sharing of(More)
Precursors of B cells capable of responding to a T-independent form of phosphorylcholine (PC) in splenic focus assays were detected in the spleens of neonatal mice as early as 4 days after birth. The earliest anti-PC B cells were T15-. T15+ foci-forming B cells were first detected 6 days after birth and expanded rapidly to constitute greater than 80% of the(More)
IgM hybridomas derived from perinatal B cells show a high degree of auto-reactivity and many had demonstrable anti-idiotypic reactivities by binding studies. Selected multispecific antibodies were also shown to have potent idiotype-specific biological activities and if administered at appropriate stages of development could dramatically alter the responses(More)
The early B cell repertoire is characterized by extensive interconnectivity, autoreactivity and multispecificity. Our preliminary sequence analysis of some of the idiotype specific antibodies is beginning to provide molecular clues to explain the observed multireactivity and the expression of shared idiotypic determinants on immunoglobulins of early B(More)
In inbred strains of mice, antiphosphorylcholine (PC) and anti-alpha 1,3 dextran (DEX) antibodies are structurally distinct from each other and have been shown to exhibit noncross-reactive antigen binding and idiotypic specificities. However, the prototype anti-PC and anti-DEX antibodies, TEPC15 and J558, respectively, were shown to be connected via a(More)
We have examined the immune repertoire and immune response of a mouse that carries transgenes for a mu heavy chain and kappa light chain. The expression of these genes is under the regulation of their own controlling elements. The transgenes are expressed early in ontogeny and are easily detectable from day 13 of gestation onwards. The pre-B cells seem to(More)