Meenal Vakil

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The isolation of multispecific B cell hybridomas with a variety of anti-idiotype (anti-Id) activities from the lymphoid organs of fetal and neonatal BALB/c mice suggested that the development of the immune system may depend on Id interactions among autologous B cells. In vitro analysis of antibodies secreted by these hybridomas showed extensive sharing of(More)
By the analysis of hybridomas constructed from B cells early in development we have shown that: (i) the early neonatal B cell repertoire consists of a highly autoreactive set of B cells showing extensive multispecificity and interconnectivity; (ii) many of these antibodies express anti-idiotypic activity towards autologous germline-encoded idiotypic(More)
IgM hybridomas derived from perinatal B cells show a high degree of auto-reactivity and many had demonstrable anti-idiotypic reactivities by binding studies. Selected multispecific antibodies were also shown to have potent idiotype-specific biological activities and if administered at appropriate stages of development could dramatically alter the responses(More)
Wild-type (Canton-S) Drosophila melanogaster larvae are generally repelled by white light. Mutant larval photokinesis A (lphA) larvae are less strongly repelled than controls. Mutant Larval photokinesis B (LphB) larvae are unresponsive to light, as are larvae from LI2, an isofemale line whose progenitors were recently derived from a natural population. To(More)
BALB/c mice were inoculated i.p. with graded doses of a DNP-specific, IgM mAb (designated 57.1). Injection with unmodified 57.1 in the absence of adjuvants resulted in the generation of an anti-Id response (Ab2) and an anti-anti-Id response (Ab3). The generation of serum anti-Id antibodies was found to be thymus dependent. Nude mice immunized with 57.1 were(More)
Precursors of B cells capable of responding to a T-independent form of phosphorylcholine (PC) in splenic focus assays were detected in the spleens of neonatal mice as early as 4 days after birth. The earliest anti-PC B cells were T15-. T15+ foci-forming B cells were first detected 6 days after birth and expanded rapidly to constitute greater than 80% of the(More)
In inbred strains of mice, antiphosphorylcholine (PC) and anti-alpha 1,3 dextran (DEX) antibodies are structurally distinct from each other and have been shown to exhibit noncross-reactive antigen binding and idiotypic specificities. However, the prototype anti-PC and anti-DEX antibodies, TEPC15 and J558, respectively, were shown to be connected via a(More)
The early B cell repertoire is characterized by extensive interconnectivity, autoreactivity and multispecificity. Our preliminary sequence analysis of some of the idiotype specific antibodies is beginning to provide molecular clues to explain the observed multireactivity and the expression of shared idiotypic determinants on immunoglobulins of early B(More)
A large number of hybridomas were constructed by fusion of B cells from perinatal liver and spleen. Many of these showed multispecificity, high interconnectivity and anti-idiotype (Id) activity. Several of these were subjected to a detailed analysis to evaluate their influence on the developing immune system. A hybridoma BD2 (mu,kappa), derived from(More)