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Phospholipase D (PLD) activity was determined in rat hippocampal slices between postnatal days 3 and 35. After birth, basal PLD activity was low and, within 2 weeks, increased to reach a plateau that was maintained up to the adult age. Likewise the response to glutamate developed postnatally to reach a maximum at day 8, but then faded rapidly and was almost(More)
By the analysis of hybridomas constructed from B cells early in development we have shown that: (i) the early neonatal B cell repertoire consists of a highly autoreactive set of B cells showing extensive multispecificity and interconnectivity; (ii) many of these antibodies express anti-idiotypic activity towards autologous germline-encoded idiotypic(More)
A large number of hybridomas were constructed by fusion of B cells from perinatal liver and spleen. Many of these showed multispecificity, high interconnectivity and anti-idiotype (Id) activity. Several of these were subjected to a detailed analysis to evaluate their influence on the developing immune system. A hybridoma BD2 (mu,kappa), derived from(More)
IgM hybridomas derived from perinatal B cells show a high degree of auto-reactivity and many had demonstrable anti-idiotypic reactivities by binding studies. Selected multispecific antibodies were also shown to have potent idiotype-specific biological activities and if administered at appropriate stages of development could dramatically alter the responses(More)
The present study was aimed at characterizing the metabotropic receptor subtype which is involved in the activation of phospholipase D (PLD) by glutamate in rat hippocampal slices. We first observed that the ontogenetic profile of glutamate-induced hydrolysis of phosphoinositides and of phosphatidylcholine was strikingly similar. Both pathways were(More)
Precursors of B cells capable of responding to a T-independent form of phosphorylcholine (PC) in splenic focus assays were detected in the spleens of neonatal mice as early as 4 days after birth. The earliest anti-PC B cells were T15-. T15+ foci-forming B cells were first detected 6 days after birth and expanded rapidly to constitute greater than 80% of the(More)
In inbred strains of mice, antiphosphorylcholine (PC) and anti-alpha 1,3 dextran (DEX) antibodies are structurally distinct from each other and have been shown to exhibit noncross-reactive antigen binding and idiotypic specificities. However, the prototype anti-PC and anti-DEX antibodies, TEPC15 and J558, respectively, were shown to be connected via a(More)
Extensive idiotypic connectivity has been discovered between the antibodies composing the immune responses against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and alpha-1,3-dextran. The idiotypic connections form an elaborate network linking these disparate antigen systems, and there is an hierarchical organization of the antibodies in this network. The key anti-Ids(More)
The isolation of multispecific B cell hybridomas with a variety of anti-idiotype (anti-Id) activities from the lymphoid organs of fetal and neonatal BALB/c mice suggested that the development of the immune system may depend on Id interactions among autologous B cells. In vitro analysis of antibodies secreted by these hybridomas showed extensive sharing of(More)