Meenakshi V. Rele

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An alkalotolerant Cephalosporium (NCL 87.11.9) strain capable of rapid growth and xylanase secretion over a wide pH range (pH 4–10) has been isolated from soil samples. When grown in shake flasks on a wheat bran, yeast extract medium for 96 h it produced 15 to 18 IU/ml. The novel feature of this study is that it is the first report of an extracellular(More)
An alkalophilicBacillus (NCL-87-6-10, NCIM 2128), with a high productivity for extracellular xylanase (EC 3.2.1.8) and free of cellulase, was isolated from soil containing coconut fibre detritus. When grown on a wheat bran/yeast extract medium in submerged culture for 48 h, it produced 100 to 120 IU of enzyme activity per ml. The crude enzyme consists of(More)
Two alkaline xylanases designated as "A" and "C", respectively, were isolated from the culture filtrates of the alkalophilic Bacillus grown on a wheat bran-yeast extract medium. The two xylanases occurred in the culture filtrate in a ratio of 10:90. These xylanases were purified to homogeneity on a CM-Sephadex matrix followed by further separation of(More)
A novel alkaliphilic actinomycete, strain NCL716T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the vicinity of Lonar Lake, an alkaline salt water meteorite lake in Buldhana district of Maharashtra State in India. The strain was characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach which confirmed that it belongs to the genus Streptomyces. Growth was(More)
Alkaline xylanases from alkaliphilic Bacillus strains NCL (87-6-10) and Sam III were compared with the commercial xylanases Pulpzyme HC and Biopulp for their compatibility with detergents and proteases for laundry applications. Among the four xylanases evaluated, the enzyme from the alkaliphilic Bacillus strain NCL (87-6-10) was the most compatible. The(More)
The proteolytic activity of an alkalophilic Bacillus sp. (NCL 87-6-10) correlates with xylanase secretion. Addition of DL-norvaline, glycine or Casamino acids to a medium formulated for xylanase production resulted in 2-5-fold enhancement of xylanase secretion (8 to 45 IU/ml). Inhibition of proteolytic activity is a possible mechanism for enhanced xylanase(More)
A method for the location of proteins/enzymes by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using dialyzable low-molecular-weight fluorescent peptide markers is described. The markers prepared by treating the peptic digest of casein with fluorescamine showed several bands on gel electrophoresis which helped in locating the proteins. The located desired protein(More)
Alkaline protease fromConidiobolus has been tested as a substitute for trypsin in animal cell culture. Applications in the dissociation of cells for primary cell cultures, maintenance of cell lines and the production of G-bands on metaphase chromosomes are described. The advantages of a microbial enzyme for such applications are discussed.
A simple, inexpensive acrylate polymer which has a capacity to absorb 170 ml of water per g has been developed. It can be used to concentrate dilute solutions of macromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates. The polymer absorbs only low-molecular-weight substances such as glucose, sucrose, and inorganic salts. It can replace the various(More)