Meena K. Cheruvathur

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Malaxis acuminata is a terrestrial orchid that grows in shady areas of semi-evergreen to shrubby forests. It is highly valued for its medicinal properties as dried pseudo-bulbs are important ingredients of several Ayurvedic preparations. In this study, adventitious shoot buds were induced from internodal explants of M. acuminata grown on Murashige and Skoog(More)
Young healthy cotyledon and leaf explants of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz. were incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1.0–5.0 mg/l 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) either alone or in combination with 0.3–1.5 mg/l indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). The optimum callus induction (100 %) was observed from cotyledon explants on MS(More)
An efficient plant regeneration protocol was established for an endangered ethnomedicinal plant Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC. Morphogenic calli were produced from 96 % of the cultures comprising the immature leaf explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (4.0 mg l(-1)) in combination with(More)
A protocol has been developed for achieving somatic embryogenesis from callus derived from nodal cuttings and production of synthetic seeds in Hemidesmus indicus L. R. Br. a highly traded ethnomedicinal plant. Proembryogenic, friable, light yellowish callus was induced from the basal cut end of the nodal cuttings on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium(More)
Several biologically active secondary metabolites like anthraquinones, sterols, triterpenes, flavonoids and naphthoquinones are present in Rhinacanthus nasutus. Naphthoquinones are important group of compounds generally known as rhinacanthin (RC) consists of 15 derivatives named RC A–D and G–Q of which RC-C, RC-D and RC-N have various medicinal properties.(More)
High frequency multiple shoots have been induced from nodal segments of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz., a potent anticancerous ethnomedicinal plant. For initiation of cultures, nodal segments were cultured on MS medium supplemented with various concentrations (1.0–5.0 μM) of 6-benzyladenine or thidiazuron (TDZ) alone or in combination with α-naphthalene(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol to induce high frequency of callus and subsequent plantlet regeneration for Pseudarthria viscida; an important medicinal plant. The cotyledonary node and young leaf pieces (1 × 0.5 cm, length × breadth) were used as explants for callus induction and subsequent shoot regeneration and adventitious roots(More)
This study demonstrates the morphogenic potential of pulvinus, an important organ situated at the base of the petiole or rachis of leguminous plants. Plant regeneration via pulvinus-derived calli of Caesalpinia bonduc has been achieved. Organogenic calli have been derived from the explant 45 days after culture on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented(More)
An efficient regeneration system was established for an ethnomedicinal shrub Rhinacanthus nasutus from root-derived callus organogenesis. The root segments were cultured on MS medium supplemented with various concentrations of Kn (1.0-4.0 μM) alone or in combination with IBA (0.2-0.6 μM) or 2, 4-D (0.5-1.5 μM). The optimum frequency (94%) of callus(More)
Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz (family Acanthaceae) produces several important bioactive molecules. Its leaves and roots were widely used in traditional systems of medicine for the treatment of cancer and other serious diseases. In the present study, the contents of three potent natural naphthoquinone esters, rhinacanthin (RC)-C, RC-D, and RC-N, were(More)
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