Meena H. Mahbubani

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The in vitro replication of DNA, principally using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), permits the amplification of defined sequences of DNA. By exponentially amplifying a target sequence, PCR significantly enhances the probability of detecting target gene sequences in complex mixtures of DNA. It also facilitates the cloning and sequencing of genes.(More)
To detect low levels of microorganisms in environmental samples by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-gene probe detection, samples were concentrated by filtration. Fluoropore (Millipore Corp.) filters were compatible with PCR DNA amplification, whereas various other filters including nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate filters inhibited PCR(More)
Methods using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and gene probes to detect viable Legionella pneumophila were investigated with cells exposed to biocide or elevated temperature. Exposure to hypochlorite caused viable nonculturable cells to form. Culturable and viable nonculturable cells showed positive PCR amplification, whereas nonviable cells did not. Viable(More)
Giardia spp. are waterborne organisms that are the most commonly identified pathogenic intestinal protozoans in the United States. Current detection techniques for Giardia species in water include microscopy and immunofluorescence techniques. Species of the genus Giardia are classified on the basis of taxonomic criteria, such as cell morphology, and on host(More)
Methods were developed for the detection of Legionella in environmental water sources, based upon the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and gene probes. All species of Legionella, including all 15 serogroups of L. pneumophila tested, were detected by PCR amplification of a 104 bp DNA sequence that codes for a region of 5S rRNA followed by radiolabelled(More)
A method was developed for the detection of Giardia cysts by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the giardin gene as the target. DNA amplification by PCR, using giardin DNA as the target, resulted in detection of both live and dead cysts. When giardin mRNA was used as the target, the ability to amplify cDNA by PCR depended on the mode of killing.(More)
Detection of pathogens (Legionella species) and indicator bacteria (coliform bacteria) was achieved by multiplex (simultaneous) PCR amplification of diagnostic gene sequences and by hybridization to immobilized poly-dT-tailed capture probes using a dot- or slot-blot approach. Complex manipulations of primer concentrations and staggered additions of primers(More)
T h e application of the polymerase chain reaction ~l-s~ (PCR) to explore various areas of envi ronmenta l microbiology has the potential to solve m a n y difficult and unanswered questions about microbial activities in the env i ronment at the physiological and molecular levels. This review describes the use of PCR for the detection of specific microbes in(More)
The use of conventional PCR can amplify target DNA from both viable and nonviable cells of Vibrio cholera. Detection of only viable microbial pathogens in biological samples, especially clinical and food samples, is usually desired to ensure positive test results are associated with active agents, and not the remains of dead cells. Positive identifications(More)