Meena Gupta

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BACKGROUND Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) cause significant patient and caregiver morbidity in vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Objectives. To study and compare the occurrence and severity of BPSD between multi-infarct dementia (MID), subcortical ischaemic vascular disease (SIVD), and strategic infarct subtypes of poststroke(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is increasingly being reported over the last three decades as a result of heightened awareness of the disease. Various studies have reported annual incidence of 0.5-1.5 cases of CJD per million of general population. In India, the disease is still under reported. Over the period spanning from 1968-1997, National Institute of(More)
There is no unanimity in literature on sexual dimorphism or on age related morphophometric changes in the Corpus Callosum (CC). For comprehensive data 44 preserved human brains (22 male and 22 female) and 30 MRI scans from North-west Indian population were studied. Morphometric measurements of the CC and its subregions were taken at the midsagittal level in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of G88C, G209A and any other mutation(s) in exons 3 and 4 of the alpha-synuclein gene in Indian patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS A total of 169 PD patients comprising 18 familial, 3 juvenile, 48 early onset and 100 sporadic cases were included in this study. Genomic DNA was amplified by PCR using(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular methods which allow for rapid and reliable detection of drug resistance have yet not been sufficiently evaluated for timely management of patients with tuberculous meningitis. AIMS We aimed to evaluate Geno Type MTBDRplus line probe assay for early detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates and CSF samples of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the occurrence and severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) between vascular dementia (VaD) and vascular cognitive impairment-no dementia (VCI-ND). MATERIALS AND METHODS Consecutive patients presenting with cognitive impairment at least 3 months after an ischemic stroke and(More)
Based on molecular screening, we estimated the frequencies of fragile X syndrome and FRAXE syndrome in an institutionalized population (n = 130) in New Delhi, India. Eligibility criteria for inclusion of subjects in the study were mild/moderate mental retardation, with/without family history, and the fragile X clinical phenotype. Screening by Southern(More)
Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of the spine that remain asymptomatic in most cases and incidentally encountered on imaging. Rarely, altered hemodynamic and hormonal changes during pregnancy may expand these benign lesions resulting in severe cord compression. The management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy is(More)
Dengue is the commonest arboviral illness caused by four antigenically distinct dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1 through DEN-4). The clinical spectrum of the disease ranges from asymptomatic or mild infection to catastrophic dengue shock syndrome (DSS). In last few years, neurological manifestations of dengue infection have been increasingly observed and(More)
Phenytoin is one of the commonly used antiepileptic drugs. The common dose dependent and reversible neurological side effects of phenytoin are nystagmus, diplopia, dysarthria, ataxia, incoordination, chorioathetosis, orofacial dyskinesias and drowsiness. Persistent cerebellar dysfunction with cerebellar atrophy is a well known complication of long term(More)