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In the mammalian nervous system, K+ channels regulate diverse aspects of neuronal function and are encoded by a large set of K+ channel genes. The roles of different K+ channel proteins could be dictated by their localization to specific subcellular domains. We report that two K+ channel polypeptides, Kv1.4 and Kv4.2, which form transient (A-type) K+(More)
In the nervous system, a wide diversity of K+ channels are formed by the oligomeric assembly of subunits encoded by a large number of K+ channel genes. The physiological functions of a specific K+ channel subunit in vivo will be dictated in part by its subcellular location within neurons. We have used a combined in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical(More)
K+ channels are major determinants of membrane excitability. Differences in neuronal excitability within the nervous system may arise from differential expression of K+ channel genes, regulated spatially in a cell type-specific manner, or temporally in response to neuronal activity. We have compared the distribution of mRNAs of three K+ channel genes,(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a K+ channel polypeptide with 72% amino acid sequence identity to Drosophila Shal was isolated from rat hippocampus. Functional expression of the cDNA in Xenopus oocytes generated 4-amino-pyridine-sensitive K+ channels displaying rapid inactivation kinetics. The fastest component of inactivation was slowed by the deletion of 3 basic(More)
Kv4.3, an A-type K+ channel, is the only channel molecule showing anterior-posterior (A-P) compartmentalization in the granular layer of mammalian cerebellum known so far. Kv4.3 mRNA has been detected from the posterior but not anterior granular layer in adult rat cerebellum. To characterize this A-P compartmentalization further, we examined Kv4.3 protein(More)
Voltage-gated K(+) channel alpha subunits Kv 4.2 and Kv 4.3 are the major contributors of somatodendritic A-type K(+) currents in many CNS neurons. A recent hypothesis suggests that Kv 4 subunits may be involved in pain modulation in dorsal horn neurons. However, whether Kv 4 subunits are expressed in dorsal horn neurons remains unknown. Using(More)
The metabolism of glucose in insulin-secreting cells leads to closure of ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP), an event that initiates the insulin secretory process. Defects in insulin secretion are a common feature of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and the beta-cell KATP that couples metabolism and membrane potential is a candidate for(More)
A full-length K+ channel cDNA of Kv4.3, with an open reading frame of 611 amino acids, was isolated from rat hippocampus. Functional expression of Kv4.3 cDNA in Xenopus oocytes revealed an A-type K+ channel. In the central nervous system, Kv4.3 is most prominently expressed in the retrosplenial cortex, medial habenula, anterior thalamus, hippocampus,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Minocycline is a second-generation tetracycline with multiple biological effects, including inhibition of microglial activation. Recently, microglial activation has been implicated in the development of nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. In this study, the authors examined the effects of continuous intrathecal minocycline on(More)
A-type K+ channels (A-channels) are crucial in controlling neuronal excitability, and their downregulation in pain-sensing neurons may increase pain sensation. To test this hypothesis, we first characterized the expression of two A-channels, Kv3.4 and Kv4.3, in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Kv3.4 was expressed mainly in the nociceptive DRG(More)