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This investigation examines the tamoxifen (TAM)-dependent growth in vivo of an MCF-7 tumor variant, MCF-7TAM, previously reported in this journal (M. M. Gottardis and V. C. Jordan, Cancer Res., 48: 5183-5187, 1988). Ovariectomized athymic mice were implanted with 1-mm3 pieces of MCF-7TAM and were treated with Silastic capsules of varying sizes containing(More)
We have previously demonstrated that transfection of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 (clone 10A) cells with a sense constitutive wildtype ER expression vector regains hormonal responsiveness (Jiang and Jordan, J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 84 (1992) 580-591). We have therefore undertaken studies using stable transfectant S30 cells to(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that the progestin components (19-nortestosterone derivatives) in oral contraceptives are able to stimulate human breast cancer cell proliferation via an estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated mechanism. We now examine RU486, an antiprogestin, to determine whether it has estrogenic properties because it is also a 19-nortestosterone(More)
We identified the platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) as a potential target in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). This led us to test whether inhibition of the PDGFR affects ovarian cancer cell proliferation and survival and regulates other processes critical to tumor growth and metastasis. We postulated that there is a correlation between the(More)
There is great concern over the long-term influence of oral contraceptives on the development of breast cancer in women. Oestrogens are known to stimulate the growth of human breast cancer cells, and this laboratory has previously reported (Jeng & Jordan, 1991) that the 19-norprogestin norethindrone could stimulate the proliferation of MCF-7 human breast(More)
Most oral contraceptives (OC) contain a progestin in combination with an estrogen, and the progestin component in OC includes one of the following 19-nortestosterone derivatives: norethynodrel; norethindrone; or norgestrel (levonorgestrel). It is well known that estrogens promote the growth of breast cancer. However, progestins have recently also been(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) is a potent growth inhibitor in most epithelial cells. We evaluated the effects of norethindrone (which in combination with estrogen is commonly used in oral contraceptives) and other progestins [medioxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and R5020, which are not used in oral contraceptives] on cell growth and the(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta is a potent regulator of cell proliferation and may play a role in breast cancer cell growth. We have evaluated the regulation of TGF beta 1, TGF beta 2, and TGF beta 3 mRNAs by 17 beta-estradiol (E2) and 4-hydroxytamoxifen (MOH) in estrogen receptor-positive (ER(+)) MCF-7 and estrogen receptor-negative (ER(-))(More)
BACKGROUND Oral contraceptives (OC) contain an orally active estrogen in combination with an orally active synthetic progestin derived from 19-nortestosterone. OC have had an enormous positive impact on public health for the past three decades, and in the main, there has been a remarkably low incidence of troublesome side effects. Although estrogens are(More)