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Chondrosarcoma is a malignancy rarely encountered in the head and neck. In an attempt to define this tumor's characteristics and response to therapy, all cases of chondrosarcoma treated at the University of Michigan over the past 25 years were retrospectively studied. Fourteen cases originating in the nose and paranasal sinuses, mandible, temporal bone, and(More)
BACKGROUND Methotrexate (MTX) has been widely used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as a variety of tumors. However, MTX-induced pulmonary toxicity is a serious and unpredictable side effect of the therapy, which includes allergic, cytotoxic or immunologic reactions, and is a major clinical problem. OBJECTIVE To(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Cochlear implantation in patients with narrow internal auditory canal (IAC) can result in variable outcomes; however, preoperative evaluations have limitations in accurately predicting outcomes. In this study, we analyzed the outcomes of cochlear implantation in patients with narrow IAC and correlated the intracochlear electrically(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the surgical outcome in patients who have undergone mastoid and epitympanic obliteration technique. STUDY DESIGN : Retrospective review. SETTING Tertiary care referral center. PATIENTS The study group included 151 patients with cholesteatoma who underwent mastoid and epitympanic obliteration technique. This technique was applied(More)
This study investigated the oncologic safety of preserving level IIb lymph nodes in ipsilateral and/or contralateral elective neck dissection (END) in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Fifty-one oropharyngeal SCC patients who underwent surgery as an initial treatment were reviewed. Twenty-one patients had clinically node negative(More)
BACKGROUND Otologic manifestations are one of the most consistent findings of CHARGE syndrome found in more than 90%. Since genetic analysis of the CHD7 gene has rarely been performed in previous reports dealing with ear abnormalities, the genotypic spectrum of CHD7 mutations was analyzed in deaf patients with CHARGE syndrome, and the clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the pattern of electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) in auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) patients and to compare their performances with controls. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Eleven patients with ANSD and 9 control subjects with sensorineural hearing(More)
X-linked deafness type 3 (DFN3), the most prevalent X-linked form of hereditary deafness, is caused by mutations in the POU3F4 locus, which encodes a member of the POU family of transcription factors. Despite numerous reports on clinical evaluations and genetic analyses describing novel POU3F4 mutations, little is known about how such mutations affect(More)
In recent studies, green tea components have been shown to induce cell growth arrest and apoptosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. In this report, we have investigated the effects of epicatechin gallate (ECG), one of the catechins in green tea, on anti-cancer activity in vitro. We found that cyclin D1 was highly expressed in HNSCC(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether level IIb lymph nodes can be saved in elective supraomohyoid neck dissection (SOHND) as a treatment for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. DESIGN Prospective analysis of a case series. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS From 1997 to 2001, 74 patients with squamous cell(More)