Medhat K. Elsayed

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This paper presents the trend of spina bifida and other neural tube defects in Oman after the nationwide implementation of folate supplementation of pregnant women in 1990 and the fortification of wheat flour with iron and folate in 1996. The annual incidence of spina bifida fluctuated from 2.34 to 4.03 per 1000 deliveries between 1991 and 1996, but fell(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether younger patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have higher glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels compared to older patients, and to determine the factors associated with higher HbA1c levels. METHODS Data from 1,266 patients from all over Oman were used to obtain the mean HbA1c level, odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. OBJECTIVE To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the National Diabetes(More)
The impact of selective treatment with praziquantel (40 mg/kg) on Schistosoma mansoni prevalence and intensity of infection in two annual follow-up examinations was measured. The target population was the entire rural area of the northern Nile Delta Governorate, Kafr El Sheikh, from which a probability sample was drawn. The sample included 44 villages and(More)
This is an early descriptive report of the 'Epidemiology 123' project in Egypt which makes use of large probability sampling methods. These results focus on Schistosoma mansoni infection in the northern Nile Delta Governorate of Kafr El Sheikh. A probability sample of 18,777 persons, representing the rural population of the entire Governorate, was drawn.(More)
We assessed the prevalence of underweight, wasting and stunting among preschool children in Oman from March to December 1999. Within each region, samples of males and females in the age groups 0-5, 6-11, 12-23, 24-35, 36-47 and 48-60 months were drawn from the registers of health institutions and the weight and height/length of the children were measured.(More)
We estimated the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and its clinical implications among 1 110 Omani patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) using 2 different CVD risk tools: the general Framingham risk profile (GFRP) and the joint World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) risk prediction charts. The GFRP tool(More)
OBJECTIVE To study serum total magnesium (Mg) levels in type 2 diabetic Omani patients, and to find the relation between Mg levels and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), and age of the patient. METHODS This work was carried out at the Bousher Polyclinic, Muscat, Oman from January to October 2008. We compared 34 type 2 diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to analyse the pattern of birth weight (BW) and identify the factors affecting BW and the risk factors of low birth weight (LBW) in Oman. STUDY DESIGN The data for the study came from the 2000 Oman National Health Survey conducted by the Ministry of Health. The survey covered a nationally representative sample of 2037(More)
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