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Today cancer is a leading cause of death among the developed countries. Its highly complex nature makes it difficult to understand as it entails multiple cellular physiological systems such as cell signaling and apoptosis. The biggest challenges faced by cancer chemoprevention/chemotherapy is maintaining drug circulation and avoiding multidrug resistance.(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is related to excess production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or inadequate and impaired detoxification by endogenous antioxidants, alterations in catecholamine metabolism, alterations in mitochondrial electron transfer function, and enhanced iron deposition in the substantia nigra. The concept that oxidative stress is an(More)
Gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity limits its long-term clinical use. Several agents/strategies were attempted to prevent GM nephrotoxicity but were not found suitable for clinical practice. Dietary fish oil (FO) retard the progression of certain types of cancers, cardiovascular and renal disorders. We aimed to evaluate protective effect of FO on(More)
Cancer is a complex disease involving a sequence of gene-environment interactions. Lifestyle, genetics, dietary factors, and environmental pollutants can increase the risk of cancer. Gene-environment interactions have been studied by a candidate-gene approach focusing on metabolism, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Here, we review the influence of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the progressive loss of the dopaminergic neurons leading to decrease in striatal dopamine (DA) levels. In the present review, our focus was on recent advances in the treatment procedures of PD to achieve an increase in deficient tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and/or expression. Stimulation of residual TH(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two debilitating health disorders afflicting millions worldwide. Recent research has revealed similarities between AD and T2DM. Both these protein conformational disorders are associated with obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum stress, en-route initiation and/or(More)
Formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) is crucially involved in the several pathophysiologies associated with ageing and diabetes, for example arthritis, atherosclerosis, chronic renal insufficiency, Alzheimer’s disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and cataracts. Because of devastating effects of AGE and the significance of bovine serum albumin(More)
During the course of pregnancy, dynamic remodeling of the gut microbiota occurs and contributes to maternal metabolic changes through an undefined mechanism. Because short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are a major product of gut microbiome fermentation, we investigated whether serum SCFA levels during pregnancy are related to key metabolic parameters in mothers(More)
A thiol proteinase inhibitor from Capra hircus (goat) pancreas (PTPI) isolated by ammonium sulphate precipitation (20-80%) and gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-100HR, with 20.4% yield and 500-fold purification, gave molecular mass of 44 kDa determined by its electrophoretic and gel filtration behavior, respectively. The stokes radius, diffusion(More)
Regulation of cysteine proteinases and their inhibitors is of utmost importance in diseases like lung cancer, chronic inflammatory conditions such as asthma, emphysema, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Protease-antiprotease imbalance accelerates disease progression. In the present study, the effect of antineoplastic and antirheumatic drug methotrexate(More)