Medeline I. Johnson

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Neurites of superior cervical ganglion neurons from embryonic, perinatal, and adult rats extended at different rates when placed in tissue culture on similar collagen substrata. Using high resolution cinematography and a time-lapse video recording system, we concluded that these differences arise from variations in individual growth cone behavior. Growth(More)
The growth patterns of axons and dendrites differ with respect to their number, length, branching, and spatial orientation; therefore, it is likely that these processes differ in their growth requirements. To examine this hypothesis, we have been analyzing the responses of cultured rat sympathetic neurons to three types of stimuli: large structural proteins(More)
Arguments are presented for the hypothesis that during an early stage of development the cells which become principal neurons of the autonomic nervous system possess information regarding the positions they will occupy within the body. A second stage of development, during which a decision is made regarding which neurotransmitter to employ, is delayed until(More)
Many types of glial-neuronal interactions occur during the development of the nervous system. To determine how such interactions might affect the development of autonomic ganglia, we compared the morphology of embryonic rat sympathetic neurons grown in the absence and in the presence of ganglionic nonneuronal cells in serum-free medium. Dye injections,(More)
Sympathetic neurons regenerating in culture were studied in order to gain further insight into the intracellular distribution and phosphorylation of GAP-43, a protein that has been suggested to have a role in axonal outgrowth and neuronal plasticity (Willard et al., 1987). Superior cervical ganglion neurons from embryonic rats were highly reactive with a(More)
The extension of filopodia from growth cones of regenerating neurites from rat superior cervical ganglion neurons in tissue culture was studied. Cultures were grown on a thin layer of fibrous collagen and maintained in a medium containing serum and nerve growth factor. Time-lapse cinematography and computer-assisted morphometry were used to observe and(More)
Long term (2- to 3-week) cultures of superior cervical ganglia (SCG) were established from rats and rat embryos ranging in age from 15 days of gestation (E15) to 279 days postnatal (P279). Cultures were grown on a collagen substratum and fed a serum-containing medium with added nerve growth factor. Radial outgrowth of neurites was measured as a function of(More)
The ability to purify and recombine populations of peripheral neurons, Schwann cells and fibroblasts in tissue culture has enabled us to examine the contribution of fibroblasts to Schwann cell basal lamina assembly and ensheathment of unmyelinated rat superior cervical ganglion neurites in vitro. Purified perinatal superior cervical ganglion neurons were(More)