Mechthild Wagner

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Human ageing is characterized by a progressive loss of physiological functions, increased tissue damage and defects in various tissue renewal systems. Age-related decreases of the cellular replicative capacity can be reproduced by in vitro assays of cellular ageing. When diploid human fibroblasts reach their finite lifespan, they enter an irreversible G1(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta (C/EBPbeta) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in regulating cell growth and differentiation. This protein plays a central role in lymphocyte and adipocyte differentiation and hepatic regeneration and in the control of inflammation and immunity in the liver and in cells of the myelomonocytic lineage.(More)
Many cell types mount elaborate, compensatory responses to stress that enhance survival; however, the intracellular signals that govern these responses are poorly understood. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a stress-induced cytokine, belongs to the interleukin-6/glycoprotein 130 receptor-coupled cytokine family. CT-1 is released from the heart in response to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chromosomal instability, a hallmark of most colorectal cancers, has been related to altered chromosome segregation and the consequent deficit in genetic integrity. A role for the tumor suppressor gene APC has been proposed in colorectal cancer that leads to compromised chromosome segregation even though the molecular mechanism is not yet(More)
To analyze mechanisms of senescence-associated gene expression, we have investigated histone deacetylases (HDACs) in human fibroblasts undergoing replicative senescence. We found that the overall acetylation pattern of histones does not vary detectably with replicative senescence. By Northern blot and Western blot, we found a significant decrease in the(More)
When mortal human cells reach their finite lifespan, they enter an irreversible G1 growth arrest status referred to as senescence. Growth suppression of senescent cells can be explained by the accumulation of several growth-suppressive proteins, acting on mitogenic signal transduction and cell cycle regulation, respectively. We show here that the cdk(More)
Signaling through the insulin/IGF axis plays a major role in determining the rate of aging in many species. IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate the IGF pathway in higher organisms. IGFBP-3 accumulates in conditioned medium of senescent human fibroblasts, suggesting that it may contribute to the senescent phenotype. IGFBP-3 can enhance apoptotic cell(More)
The E7 protein encoded by human papillomavirus type 16 is one of the few viral genes that can immortalize primary human cells and thereby override cellular senescence. While it is generally assumed that this property of E7 depends on its interaction with regulators of the cell cycle, we show here that E7 targets insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3(More)
The specificity of the sialic acid-binding lectin from the snail Cepaea hortensis, purified by affinity chromatography on fetuin-Sepharose, was studied by hemagglutination inhibition assay applying 32 sialic acid derivatives and 14 glycoproteins. 2-alpha-Methyl-9-O-acetyl-NeuAc was the most potent inhibitor, followed closely by 2-alpha-methyl-NeuAc and(More)