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To analyze mechanisms of senescence-associated gene expression, we have investigated histone deacetylases (HDACs) in human fibroblasts undergoing replicative senescence. We found that the overall acetylation pattern of histones does not vary detectably with replicative senescence. By Northern blot and Western blot, we found a significant decrease in the(More)
Signaling through the insulin/IGF axis plays a major role in determining the rate of aging in many species. IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate the IGF pathway in higher organisms. IGFBP-3 accumulates in conditioned medium of senescent human fibroblasts, suggesting that it may contribute to the senescent phenotype. IGFBP-3 can enhance apoptotic cell(More)
Human ageing is characterized by a progressive loss of physiological functions, increased tissue damage and defects in various tissue renewal systems. Age-related decreases of the cellular replicative capacity can be reproduced by in vitro assays of cellular ageing. When diploid human fibroblasts reach their finite lifespan, they enter an irreversible G1(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta (C/EBPbeta) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in regulating cell growth and differentiation. This protein plays a central role in lymphocyte and adipocyte differentiation and hepatic regeneration and in the control of inflammation and immunity in the liver and in cells of the myelomonocytic lineage.(More)
The E7 protein encoded by human papillomavirus type 16 is one of the few viral genes that can immortalize primary human cells and thereby override cellular senescence. While it is generally assumed that this property of E7 depends on its interaction with regulators of the cell cycle, we show here that E7 targets insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3(More)
Apoptosis of neuronal cells apparently plays a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide derived from beta-amyloid precursor protein is found in AD brain in vivo and can induce apoptosis in vitro. While p53 accumulates in cells of AD brain, it is not known if p53 plays an active role in Abeta-induced apoptosis. We show here that(More)
When mortal human cells reach their finite lifespan, they enter an irreversible G1 growth arrest status referred to as senescence. Growth suppression of senescent cells can be explained by the accumulation of several growth-suppressive proteins, acting on mitogenic signal transduction and cell cycle regulation, respectively. We show here that the cdk(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chromosomal instability, a hallmark of most colorectal cancers, has been related to altered chromosome segregation and the consequent deficit in genetic integrity. A role for the tumor suppressor gene APC has been proposed in colorectal cancer that leads to compromised chromosome segregation even though the molecular mechanism is not yet(More)
Pretreatment of mammalian cell with DNA-damaging agents, such as UV light or mitomycin C, but not the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), results in the enhanced repair of subsequently transfected UV-damaged expression vectors. To determine the cellular factors that are responsible for this enhancement, we have used a modified gel(More)
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