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Group B streptococci (GBS) are the leading cause of meningitis in newborns. Although meningitis develops following bacteremia, the precise mechanism or mechanisms whereby GBS leave the bloodstream and gain access to the central nervous system (CNS) are not known. We hypothesized that GBS produce meningitis because of a unique capacity to invade human brain(More)
Cyclic neutropenia (CN) is a congenital hematopoietic disorder characterized by remarkably regular oscillations of blood neutrophils from near normal to extremely low levels at 21-day intervals. Recurring episodes of severe neutropenia lead to repetitive and sometimes life-threatening infections. To investigate the cellular mechanism of CN, the(More)
The goals of this study were to determine whether the Fas-dependent apoptosis pathway is active in the lungs of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and whether this pathway can contribute to lung epithelial injury. We found that soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) is present in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients before and after(More)
Pulmonary infections caused by Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) cepacia are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Several features suggestive of cellular invasion and intracellular sequestration of B. cepacia in CF are persistence of infection in the face of antibiotic therapy to which the organism demonstrates in vitro(More)
Little is known about neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We uses morphologic criteria to count apoptotic PMN in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of 35 patients on Days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 of ARDS and 13 patients on Days 1 and 3 of risk for ARDS. We found that the proportion of apoptotic PMN in BAL was low(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) have been cultured from the chorioamnionic membrane of pregnant women, usually in association with chorioamnionitis and premature labor (K. A. Boggess, D. H. Watts, S. L. Hillier, M. A. Krohn, T. J. Benedetti, and D. A. Eschenbach, Obstet. Gynecol. 87:779-784, 1996). Colonization and infection of placental membranes can be a(More)
Immunized mice after inhalation of specific antigen have the following characteristic features of human asthma: airway eosinophilia, mucus and Th2 cytokine release, and hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. A model of late-phase allergic pulmonary inflammation in ovalbumin-sensitized mice was used to address the role of the alpha4 integrin (CD49d) in(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) comprise targeting antibodies armed with potent small-molecule payloads. ADCs demonstrate specific cell killing in clinic, but the basis of their antitumor activity is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the degree to which payload release predicts ADC activity in vitro and in vivo ADCs were generated to(More)
Myelokathexis is a congenital disorder that causes severe chronic leukopenia and neutropenia. Characteristic findings include degenerative changes and hypersegmentation of mature neutrophils and hyperplasia of bone marrow myeloid cells. The associated neutropenia can be partially corrected by treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or(More)
Activation of the Fas/FasL system induces apoptosis of susceptible cells, but may also lead to nuclear factor kappaB activation. Our goal was to determine whether local Fas activation produces acute lung injury by inducing alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis and by generating local inflammatory responses. Normal mice (C57BL/6) and mice deficient in Fas (lpr)(More)