Mecheri Sundaram

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To examine the progression of neuropsychologic and metabolic changes in the early stages of dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), we studied 11 midly demented patients longitudinally. Three aspects of neuropsychological function were measured: memory, attention to complex sets and abstract reasoning, and lateralized functions, i.e., language and(More)
We investigated various factors affecting interictal spike discharges (ISDs) in standard interictal EEGs of 203 consecutive cases with seizure(s). 94 EEGs (46%) showed ISDs. Yield was maximum (68%) when recordings were done within 2 days of a seizure; beyond this period, incidence of ISD did not change with time from the last seizure. EEGs of patients(More)
In a review of our experience with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) since 1975, we found 48 of 266 patients with major central nervous system (CNS) manifestations for which a non-SLE explanation could not be identified. Eleven patients developed more than one type of CNS event. The commonest symptom was seizure (18 patients), followed by brainstem(More)
The electroencephalogram (EEG) plays an important diagnostic role in epilepsy and provides supporting evidence of a seizure disorder as well as assisting with classification of seizures and epilepsy syndromes. Emerging evidence suggests that the EEG may also provide useful prognostic information regarding seizure recurrence after a single unprovoked attack(More)
Twenty-one patients with a clinical diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT) and 29 healthy, age-matched controls were studied using positron emission tomography (PET) and [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose to measure regional cerebral glucose consumption in the resting state. Reductions in ratio measures of relative metabolism in some parietal,(More)
We analysed the charts of 131 consecutive cases of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage--without arteriovenous malformations--for seizures. Convulsions occurred in 31 patients (24%) and most often within 24 hours of bleeding. Motor manifestations of partial seizures were of no lateralizing value to aneurysm site. Early mortality, rebleeding and intracerebral(More)
Data concerning 7 patients with a diagnosis of presumptive Alzheimer's disease (mean age, 65.6 years) are presented in detail in relation to the patients' regional cerebral metabolic rates for glucose. Rates were measured by positron emission tomography with fluorine 18-labeled fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose under conditions of reduced visual and auditory(More)
Twenty-six (41%) of 63 consecutive patients with triphasic waves had various types of metabolic encephalopathies while 37 patients (59%) had non-metabolic encephalopathies, usually senile dementia. Triphasic waves were not found to be specific for any single type of metabolic encephalopathy. Etiology was more closely linked to conscious level at recording(More)
We studied twelve men and six women with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and twelve healthy men at intervals of 6 months to 5 years. In the male DAT patients, mean CT rates of enlargement of third ventricle and of total lateral ventricular volumes differed significantly from zero and exceeded respective control values (p less than 0.05). The rate of(More)
Activation of spike-wave discharges by photic stimulations (PS) and rhythmic auditory stimulations (AS) was investigated in 40 patients with generalized epilepsy and 25 controls. PS produced spike-wave discharges in 23 (55%) and AS in 12 (33%) cases. In 4 patients AS activated spike-wave discharges but PS failed to do so. AS may be occasionally used in(More)