Md. Moazzem Hossain

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Calponin is an extensively studied actin-binding protein, but its function is not well understood. Among three isoforms of calponin, h2-calponin is found in both smooth muscle and non-muscle cells. The present study demonstrates that epidermal keratinocytes and fibroblast cells express significant amounts of h2-calponin. The expression of h2-calponin is(More)
The actin cytoskeleton plays a major role in cell motility that is essential for the function of phagocytes. Calponin is an actin-associated regulatory protein. Here we report the finding of significant levels of the h2 isoform of calponin in peripheral blood cells of myeloid lineage. To study the functional significance, h2-calponin gene (Cnn2) interrupted(More)
Besides the core structure conserved in all troponin I isoforms, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has an N-terminal extension that contains phosphorylation sites for protein kinase A under beta-adrenergic regulation. A restricted cleavage of this N-terminal regulatory domain occurs in normal cardiac muscle and is up-regulated during hemodynamic adaptation (Z.-B.(More)
Calponin is an actin filament-associated regulatory protein, and its h2 isoform is expressed in lung alveolar epithelial cells under postnatal upregulation during lung development corresponding to the commencement of respiratory expansion. Consistent with this correlation to mechanical tension, the expression of h2-calponin in alveolar cells is dependent on(More)
The N-terminal variable region of cardiac troponin T (TnT) is a regulatory structure that can be selectively removed during myocardial ischaemia reperfusion by mu-calpain proteolysis. Here we investigated the pathophysiological significance of this post-translational modification that removes amino acids 1-71 of cardiac TnT. Working heart preparations were(More)
h2-calponin is found in both smooth muscle and nonmuscle cells, and its function remains to be established. Western blots with specific monoclonal antibodies detected significant expression of h2-calponin in the growing embryonic stomach and urinary bladder and the early pregnant uterus. Although the expression of h1-calponin is upregulated in the stomach(More)
Transgenic mice were generated to express a restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) human cardiac troponin I (cTnI) R192H mutation in the heart (cTnI(193His) mice). The objective of this study was to assess cardiac function during the development of diastolic dysfunction and to gain insight into the pathophysiological impact of the RCM cTnI mutation. Cardiac(More)
Spectroscopic methods such as circular dichroism and Förster resonance energy transfer are current approaches for monitoring protein conformational changes. Those analyses require special equipment and expertise. The need for fluorescence labeling of the protein may interfere with the native structure. We have developed a microtiter plate-based monoclonal(More)
A lethal form of nemaline myopathy, named "Amish Nemaline Myopathy" (ANM), is linked to a nonsense mutation at codon Glu180 in the slow skeletal muscle troponin T (TnT) gene. We found that neither the intact nor the truncated slow TnT protein was present in the muscle of patients with ANM. The complete loss of slow TnT is consistent with the observed(More)
The highly organized contractile machinery in skeletal and cardiac muscles requires an assembly of myofilament proteins with stringent stoichiometry. To understand the maintenance of myofilament protein stoichiometry under dynamic protein synthesis and catabolism in muscle cells, we investigated the equilibrium of troponin I (TnI) in mouse cardiac muscle(More)