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From November 2003 to June 2004 an epidemic of high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) virus of subtype H7N3 affected the major layer and broiler-breeder raising areas of the country. This was accompanied by an outbreak of low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) virus of type H9N2 in broilers and layers, which continued during 2005. Subsequently, in(More)
Non-ionic surfactant vesicles (or niosomes) are now widely studied as alternates to liposomes. An increasing number of nonionic surfactant has been found to form vesicles, capable of entrapping hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules. Drug delivery system using colloidal particulate carrier such as liposomes or niosomes has distinct advantages over(More)
India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disaster on account of its unique geo-climate conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes, and landslides have been a recurrent phenomena. About 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquake of various intensities; over 40 million hectares is prone to floods; about 8 % of total area is prone to(More)
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