Learn More
During 1999-2006, 156 isolates of Neisseria meningitidis grew from culture of blood or cerebrospinal fluid at International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Serogroup A was the most prevalent strain (97.7%); the rest were serogroup B (2.3%). Most cases of invasive meningococcal disease (88.5%) were identified in(More)
NS-718, a lipid nanosphere incorporating amphotericin B, is effective against pathogenic fungi and has low toxicity. We compared the toxicity of NS-718 with that of Fungizone (amphotericin B-sodium deoxycholate; D-AmB) in vitro using renal cell cultures and in vivo by biochemical analysis, histopathological study of the kidney and pharmacokinetic study of(More)
The efficacy of FK463, a new (1,3)-beta-D-glucan synthase inhibitor, against azole-resistant Candida albicans strains has been studied. The MIC of FK463 was lower than those of azoles and amphotericin B against CDR1-expressing C26 and CaMDR-expressing C40 strains. All mice treated with FK463 (1 mg/kg) survived disseminated murine candidiasis. The fungal(More)
We compared the specificities and sensitivities of four tests used for the serodiagnosis of candidemia in 39 patients with candidemia, including 10 patients with superficial Candida colonization, 10 patients with deep mycosis, and 20 healthy subjects. The results obtained by the dot immunoblotting assay for detecting the enolase antigen (48 kDa) were(More)
We collected acute-phase serum samples from febrile patients at 2 major hospitals in Dhaka, Bangladesh, during an outbreak of dengue fever in 2001. A total of 18% of dengue-negative patients tested positive for leptospirosis. The case-fatality rate among leptospirosis patients (5%) was higher than among dengue fever patients (1.2%).
A total of 14,915 shigella isolates obtained in 1991-1996 from patients attending the Dhaka (urban) and Matlab (rural) treatment centres of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh were examined for susceptibility to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, mecillinam and ciprofloxacin by a disc diffusion method. There were no(More)
Diarrheal diseases continue to contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in infants and young children in developing countries. There is an urgent need to better understand the contributions of novel, potentially uncultured, diarrheal pathogens to severe diarrheal disease, as well as distortions in normal gut microbiota composition that might(More)
We investigated the effects of combining tacrolimus and azole antifungal agents in azole-resistant strains of Candida albicans by comparing the accumulation of [3H]itraconazole. The CDR1-expressing resistant strain C26 accumulated less itraconazole than the CaMDR-expressing resistant strain C40 or the azole-sensitive strain B2630. A CDR1-expressing(More)
Pulmonary cryptococcosis was diagnosed by nested PCR. Extraction of DNA was performed by mechanical destruction of the capsules of Cryptococcus neoformans by the glass bead technique. Nested PCR was positive for 4 of 5 culture-positive specimens but negative for 1 culture-positive specimen, 10 culture-negative specimens, and 1 specimen with undetermined(More)
Increased accumulation of collagens in extracellular matrix (ECM) is mainly responsible for bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. This study was designed to assess whether increased collagen accumulation in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis is associated with heat shock protein (HSP) 47, a molecular chaperone for collagen biosynthesis. We(More)