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Neural tube defects (NTD) are one of the most common birth defects and are caused by both environmental and genetic factors. The approach to identifying the genes predisposing to NTD, through linkage analysis and candidate gene analysis, is reviewed along with characteristics of a large, nationally ascertained cohort of families. Results from specific(More)
CONTEXT RET/papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is a marker for papillary thyroid carcinoma, but its specificity has been questioned because of the disputed identification of RET/PTC in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), oncocytic tumors, and other thyroid lesions. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine 1) whether RET/PTC occurs in nonneoplastic(More)
Genome-wide scans have suggested that a locus on 7q is involved in the etiology of autistic disorder (AD). We have identified an AD family in which three sibs inherited from their mother a paracentric inversion in the chromosome 7 candidate region (inv(7)(q22-q31.2)). Clinically, the two male sibs have AD, while the female sib has expressive language(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effect of single compared with repetitive (at least three) cycles of high-dose cytarabine after induction therapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have the t(8;21)(q22;q22) karyotype. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients entered onto the study had AML and t(8;21) and attained a complete remission on four successive Cancer(More)
We investigated the relative prognostic significance of cytogenetics in 635 adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients 60 years of age or older treated on front-line protocols. Classification trees and tree-structured survival analysis (TSSA) were used to identify important cytogenetic groups, and their prognostic significance was then assessed in(More)
In adult organisms, a range of proliferative capacities are exhibited by different cell types. Stem cell populations in many tissues readily enter the cell cycle when presented with serum growth factors or other proliferative cues, whereas "terminally" postmitotic cells, such as cardiac myocytes and neurons, fail to do so. Although they rarely show evidence(More)
We have identified three unrelated probands with autistic disorder (AD) and isodicentric chromosomes that encompass the proximal region of 15q11.2. All three probands met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition [DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994], and International Classification of Diseases ( ICD-10)(More)
PURPOSE To examine the prognostic significance of extramedullary leukemia (EML) at presentation in patients with t(8;21)(q22;q22) karyotype. PATIENTS AND METHODS Consecutive patients with t(8;21) treated on Cancer and Leukemia Group B de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment studies were examined for the presence of EML (granulocytic sarcoma,(More)
Obtaining primary human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) for in vitro studies is limited by the scarcity of adequate human material and the inability to passage these cells in culture for long periods. Immortalization of these cells would greatly facilitate studies; however, the process of immortalization often results in abnormal karyotypes and aberrant(More)