Mazen S. Habayeb

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Several viruses, including picornaviruses, are known to establish persistent infections, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here, a novel picorna-like virus, Nora virus, which causes a persistent infection in Drosophila melanogaster, is described. It has a single-stranded, positive-sense genomic RNA of 11879 nt, followed by a poly(A) tail.(More)
In many cell types it is evident that the small GTPases Rac and Rho regulate each other's activities. What is unclear is exactly how this regulation occurs. To further elucidate this interaction we examined the activities of Rac1 and Rho1 in Drosophila cellular immune surveillance cells. In larvae the cellular immune response involves circulating cells(More)
The recently discovered Nora virus from Drosophila melanogaster is a single-stranded RNA virus. Its published genomic sequence encodes a typical picorna-like cassette of replicative enzymes, but no capsid proteins similar to those in other picorna-like viruses. We have now done additional sequencing at the termini of the viral genome, extending it by 455(More)
The biology of the Drosophila viruses has not been intensely investigated. Here we have investigated the biology of the Nora virus, a persistent Drosophila virus. We find that injected Nora virus is able to replicate in the files, reaching a high titer that is maintained in the next generation. There is a remarkable variation in the viral loads of(More)
Drosophila melanogaster is widely used to decipher the innate immune system in response to various pathogens. The innate immune response towards persistent virus infections is among the least studied in this model system. We recently discovered a picorna-like virus, the Nora virus which gives rise to persistent and essentially symptom-free infections in(More)
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