Mazdak Khajehpour

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The attachment of ubiquitin (Ub) and the Ub-like (Ubl) molecule interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) to cellular proteins mediates important innate antiviral responses. Ovarian tumor (OTU) domain proteases from nairoviruses and arteriviruses were recently found to remove these molecules from host proteins, which inhibits Ub and ISG15-dependent antiviral(More)
Protein ubiquitination regulates important innate immune responses. The discovery of viruses encoding deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) suggests they remove ubiquitin to evade ubiquitin-dependent antiviral responses; however, this has never been conclusively demonstrated in virus-infected cells. Arteriviruses are economically important positive-stranded RNA(More)
The Yersinia protein tyrosine phosphatase (YopH) contains a loop of ten amino acids (the WPD loop) that covers the entrance of the active site of the enzyme during substrate binding. In this work the substrate mimicking competitive inhibitor p-nitrocatechol sulfate (PNC) is used as a probe of the active site. The dynamics of the WPD loop was determined by(More)
In this work the active site of trypsin has been probed with the dye rose bengal. The dye binds competitively to the enzyme, and it can be used as a probe of the active site of the enzyme. On the basis of the emission wavelength, the binding site of trypsin is relatively polar and is similar to that of acetone in its polarity. The triplet state of rose(More)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is used for studying the carbohydrate moieties of glycosylated proteins. IR spectra of mono- and disaccharides in the fingerprint region are specific to each sugar and to the environment of the sugar molecules (i.e., aqueous solution or anhydrous glass phase). The IR spectra of glycosylated proteins (mucin, soybean peroxidase,(More)
Free base and Pd porphyrin derivatives of horseradish peroxidase show long-lived excited states that are quenched by the presence of the peroxidase inhibitor, benzhydroxamic acid. The relaxation times of the excited-state luminescence and the rates of the quenching reaction for these derivatives of peroxidase were monitored as a function of pH, temperature,(More)
Oxygen and other molecules of similar size take part in a variety of protein reactions. Therefore, it is critical to understand how these small molecules penetrate the protein matrix. The protein system studied in this case is horseradish peroxidase (HRP). We have converted the native HRP into a phosphorescent analog by replacing the heme prosthetic group(More)
Cylcodextrin sugars are cyclic sugars that have a hydrophilic exterior and a hydrophobic center. This enables cyclodextrins to solubilize hydrophobic molecules in aqueous media. Cyclodextrins may inhibit aggregation by intercalating surface aromatic residues and competing with interprotein aromatic clusters (pi-pi interactions). In order to investigate this(More)
Zn and Pd complexes of meso-tetraphenyltetranaphthaloporphyrins (Ph(4)TNP) exhibit strong infrared absorption bands and luminesce in solutions at room temperature. S1 --> S0 fluorescence (lambda(max) = 732 nm, phi = 5.3%) is the predominant emission in the case of ZnPh(4)TNP (1). This emission is in part due to the delayed fluorescence (phi = 1.1%).(More)
BACKGROUND COMPcc forms a pentameric left-handed coiled coil that is known to bind hydrophilic signaling molecules such as vitamin D(3), and vitamin A. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In an integrated approach we reveal the unique binding properties of COMPcc for saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. Our observations suggest that residues Met33 (gating pore),(More)