Mayumi Yamamoto

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STUDY OBJECTIVES Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we examined TNF-alpha production by monocytes, serum levels of TNF-alpha, and the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). DESIGN Prospective(More)
RATIONALE Silent brain infarction (SBI) and increased levels of soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) are associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate whether SBI and serum levels of sCD40L and sP-selectin are increased in patients with obstructive sleep apnea(More)
BACKGROUND Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a myopathy triggered by severe stressful events. However, little is known about the determinants of in-hospital outcomes. We prospectively determined the effect of different triggers on the prognosis of TC. METHODS AND RESULTS We enrolled patients who were admitted for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS)(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged duration of the QRS complex is a prognostic marker in patients with heart failure (HF), whereas electrocadiographic markers in HF with narrow QRS complex remain unclear. We evaluated the prognostic value of the T-wave amplitude in lead aVR in HF patients with narrow QRS complexes. METHODS We examined 331 patients who were admitted to(More)
AIMS Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) may occasionally trigger monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (MVT), polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT), or ventricular fibrillation (VF). We examined whether an analysis of the ventricular repolarization instability could differentiate PVT/VF(More)
Leukocyte elastase (LE), a neutrophil serine protease, is known to cause alveolar wall destruction and alveolar hemorrhage in the lung, but recent evidence suggests that it may also produce a significant inflammatory response. The purpose of the current study was to (1) examine the relationship between LE-induced lung injury and specific markers of(More)
Statins are lipid-lowering agents with pleiotropic effects. We investigated the apoptotic effects of fluvastatin on peripheral CD4+ T cells from healthy subjects. Fluvastatin induced apoptosis in resting CD4+ T cells but not in CD4+ T cells strongly activated with a high concentration of PMA plus ionomycin (PMA/I) analyzed with annexin V and propidium(More)
BACKGROUND Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody, inhibits the binding of circulating IgE to mast cells and basophils, resulting in fewer episodes of airway inflammation, asthma symptoms and exacerbations in patients with severe allergic asthma. Treatment of patients with asthma using omalizumab increases serum total IgE (tIgE)(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin (Ig) E is well-known to play a critical role in allergic diseases. We investigated the association between longitudinal change in total IgE level and the asthma control in patients with adult asthma. METHODS For this retrospective study, 154 patients with asthma aged 21-82 years were recruited from the allergy and pulmonary units(More)
AIMS Increased temporal repolarization lability, assessed by beat-to-beat variability of T-wave amplitude (TAV), has been shown to be associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with a variety of clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to test the ability of TAV to identify patients presenting with malignant ventricular arrhythmia and to(More)