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Calcium imaging of individual neurons is widely used for monitoring their activity in vitro and in vivo. Synthetic fluorescent calcium indicator dyes are commonly used, but the resulting calcium signals sometimes suffer from a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Therefore, it is difficult to detect signals caused by single action potentials (APs) particularly(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection induces various gastroduodenal diseases. We examined the role of two genes, vacA and cagE, in the gastric pathogenesis induced by H. pylori using a long-term (62 wk) animal model. Reportedly, both genes are associated with the virulence of H. pylori: vacA encodes vacuolating cytotoxin, and cagE, with other genes in the cag(More)
Donryu male albino rats were fed a diet containing 0.064% 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene (MDAB) for 21 weeks. During the ensuing rat liver carcinogenesis, changes in the concentrations of methylglyoxal, D-lactate and glutathione as well as activities of glyoxalase I and II in liver and plasma were examined. After the start of the diet, hepatic contents(More)
The Mongolian gerbil has been used as an excellent experimental animal model for studying Helicobacter pylori infection because it can stably colonize and induce severe chronic gastritis, ulceration, and cancer-simulating human diseases in this animal. In contrast, H. pylori can only induce mild inflammation in many mouse models. The aim in this study is to(More)
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