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The sequence determination of the entire genome of the Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 was completed. The total length of the genome finally confirmed was 3,573,470 bp, including the previously reported sequence of 1,003,450 bp from map position 64% to 92% of the genome. The entire sequence was assembled from the sequences of the physical map-based contigs(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow was measured in six healthy volunteers by positron emission tomography during identification of speaker and emotion from spoken words. The speaker identification task activated several audio-visual multimodal areas, particularly the temporal poles in both hemispheres, which may be involved in connecting vocal attributes with the(More)
By measuring regional cerebral blood flow using PET, we delineated the roles of the occipito-temporal regions activated by faces and scenes. We asked right-handed normal subjects to perform three tasks using facial images as visual stimuli: in the face familiar/unfamiliar discrimination (FF) task, they discriminated the faces of their friends and associates(More)
Social contact often initially depends on ascertaining the direction of the other person's gaze. We determined the brain areas involved in gaze monitoring by a functional neuroimaging study. Discrimination between the direction of gaze significantly activated a region in the left amygdala during eye-contact and no eye-contact tasks to the same extent.(More)
Tobacco is a valuable model system for investigating the origin of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in amphidiploid plants and studying the genetic interaction between mitochondria and chloroplasts in the various functions of the plant cell. As a first step, we have determined the complete mtDNA sequence of Nicotiana tabacum. The mtDNA of N. tabacum can be assumed(More)
Translational regulation is an important step of gene expression in chloroplasts. To analyze biochemical mechanisms of translational regulation unique to higher plant chloroplasts, an in vitro translation system has been developed from tobacco chloroplasts. Conditions for chloroplast extraction and the in vitro translation reaction have been optimized with(More)
We measured the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in six healthy volunteers with PET (positron emission tomography) and H(15)(2)O to identify the areas of the human brain involved in sensorimotor learning. The learning task was visually guided reaching with sensorimotor discrepancy caused by optical rotation. PET measurements were performed in the early(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome (150,613 bp) from the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris C-27 has been determined. The genome contains no large inverted repeat and has one copy of rRNA gene cluster consisting of 16S, 23S, and 5S rRNA genes. It contains 31 tRNA genes, of which the tRNALeu(GAG) gene has not been found in land(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a spacer region between rice 17S and 25S rRNA genes (rDNAs) has been determined. The coding regions for the mature 17S, 5.8S and 25S rRNAs were identified by sequencing terminal regions of these rRNAs. The first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1), between 17S and 5.8S rDNAs, is 194-195 bp long. The second internal transcribed(More)