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We conducted a multicenter prospective trial to evaluate the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of a single dose of rituximab (375 mg/m2 body surface area) for the treatment of children with refractory steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). All patients (n = 12) were able to discontinue steroids at a median of 74 days after treatment. The frequency(More)
Rituximab (RTX) is a promising option for treating childhood-onset steroid-dependent (SDNS), frequently relapsing (FRNS), and steroid-resistant (SRNS) nephrotic syndrome. We retrospectively surveyed RTX treatment for these conditions to evaluate its indications, efficacy and adverse events. Questionnaires were sent to 141 hospitals in Japan. Seventy-four(More)
BACKGROUND Rituximab could be an effective treatment for childhood-onset, complicated, frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) and steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). We investigated the efficacy and safety of rituximab in patients with high disease activity. METHODS We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial(More)
In 2009, the Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy was published. However, its validity has not been fully examined in children. This study aimed to assess this system in an independent large-scale cohort of children. We analyzed 161 consecutive children with newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy from 1977 to 1989 retrospectively. We examined the ability of(More)
In this multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial, we determined whether 2-month prednisolone therapy for steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome was inferior or not to 6-month therapy despite significantly less steroid exposure. The primary end point was time from start of initial treatment to start of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome. The(More)
We present the cases of two children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) who were treated with rituximab (anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody). Both were resistant to conventional therapy, and renal biopsy showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Combination therapy with methylprednisolone pulse therapy and plasmapheresis was the only way to(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) causes significant renal failure, and is classified into two types: (1) Finnish type; and (2) other, including diffuse mesangial sclerosis. Mutations of NPHS1 and NPHS2, which encode the slit diaphragm components nephrin and podocin, cause CNS and autosomal-recessive familial steroid-resistant nephrotic(More)
Some patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) achieve spontaneous remission even when not receiving medication. However, details on such remissions remain unknown. The aim of our study was to clarify this information in the clinical setting of childhood IgAN with minor glomerular abnormalities or focal mesangial proliferation (MGA/FMP). This study was a(More)
Generally, idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is a global glomerular disease that affects the whole of the glomerulus. However, idiopathic segmental MGN (SMGN) that shows IgG deposits in a portion of the glomerulus is encountered often. For clarification of whether SMGN is the same entity as idiopathic global MGN (GMGN), the two diseases were(More)
Rituximab (RTX) is known to be effective for the treatment of refractory steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). However, there are insufficient data on the risk factors for relapse and long-term outcome after RTX treatment. We administered a single dose of RTX to patients with refractory SDNS from November 2007 to December 2013 and continued with(More)