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OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of unilateral deep brain stimulation on the posterior subthalamic white matter, including the zona incerta (ZI) and the prelemniscal radiation (PRL), for tremor-dominant parkinsonian patients and to determine the exact location of electrodes that were most effective. METHODS Eight parkinsonian patients with(More)
We studied voluntary control of saccadic eye movement in 32 parkinsonian patients using the antisaccade task (the subjects were instructed not to look at the target but to look in the opposite direction). Mean latencies and error rates in the antisaccade task were significantly increased in advanced parkinsonian patients. The latencies of the antisaccades(More)
Proximal tremors are often refractory to nucleus ventrointermedius thalami thalamotomy. Subthalamotomy has been suggested to be effective for treatment of tremor, although this procedure is associated with considerable adverse effects, and has rarely been considered a suitable treatment modality. The authors demonstrate the efficacy and safety of(More)
Cytokine signaling is critical for proliferation, survival and differentiation of hematopoietic cell, and interleukin-3 (IL-3) is required for maintenance of many hematopoietic cell lines, such as BaF3. We have isolated apoptosis-resistant clones of BaF3 using retroviral insertional mutagenesis and the Xbp1 locus was identified as a retroviral integration(More)
OBJECT Tremors, including its proximal component, are often refractory to standard thalamic surgery. In the 1960s the posterior part of the subthalamic white matter was reported to be a promising target in treating various forms of tremor, but was also found to be associated with adverse effects. Advances involving a less invasive method, that is, deep(More)
This case report describes a follow up investigation of a patient with impaired word discrimination due to mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like syndrome (MELAS) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) and auditory evoked magnetic fields (AEFs). The initial (1)H MRS showed no N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and marked(More)
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal-dominant disease caused by a deficiency of porphobilinogen (PBG) deaminase. Patients with AIP present with neurological syndromes such as autonomic neuropathy, peripheral axonal neuropathy or central nervous system dysfunction. We report serial MRI of a patient with AIP who had cortical and subcortical(More)
Using the dual task paradigm, previous studies have suggested that working memory (WM) deficit is due to depleted attention resources in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study is to establish whether the WM problems in PD are due to reduced attentional set-shifting resources rather than depletion of attention resources. The task(More)
A 72-year-old man with pure topographical disorientation following a focal hemorrhage in the right forceps major of splenium was assessed at 2 weeks and 3 months after the onset. Initially, he could identify familiar buildings and landmarks, but noted topographical disorientation, dysfunction in sense of quarters, and in visuo-spatial function. The(More)