Cultural affordances and emotional experience: socially engaging and disengaging emotions in Japan and the United States.
- S. Kitayama, B. Mesquita, Mayumi Karasawa
- Psychology, SociologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Japan showed a pervasive tendency to reportedly experience engaging emotions more strongly than they experienced disengaging emotions, but Americans showed a reversed tendency, and Japanese subjective well-being was more closely associated with the experience of engaging positive emotions than with that of disengaged emotions.
Preschool in Three Cultures Revisited: China, Japan, and the United States.
Published twenty years ago, the original "Preschool in Three Cultures" was a landmark in the study of education: a profoundly enlightening exploration of the different ways preschoolers are taught in…
Implicit Self-Esteem in Japan: Name Letters and Birthday Numbers
Japanese studies have repeatedly failed to obtain any explicit tendency to enhance self-esteem. In two studies, the authors attempted an implicit assessment of positive feelings attached to Japanese…
A cultural task analysis of implicit independence: comparing North America, Western Europe, and East Asia.
- S. Kitayama, Hyekyung Park, A. Sevincer, Mayumi Karasawa, Ayse K. Uskul
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
- 1 August 2009
North Americans are more likely than Western Europeans to exhibit focused attention, experience emotions associated with independence, and associate happiness with personal achievement, according to a new theoretical framework that assigns a key role to cultural tasks.
Different emotional lives
Cultural differences in daily emotions were investigated by administering emotion questionnaires four times a day throughout a one-week period. Respondents were American students, Japanese students…
Just How Bad Negative Affect Is for Your Health Depends on Culture
The hypothesis that negative affect is more strongly associated with poor health in the U.S. than in Japan is tested and the need for further theoretically-driven investigations of how cultural construals shape the emotion-health link is underscored.
Social status and anger expression: the cultural moderation hypothesis.
Test the hypothesis that the association between social status and anger expression depends on whether anger serves primarily to vent frustration, as in the United States, or to display authority, in Japan, and found that anger expression was predicted by subjective social status among Americans and by objective social statusamong Japanese.
Clarifying the links between social support and health: Culture, stress, and neuroticism matter
It is argued that three moderating factors must be considered: support-approving norms (cultural context); support-requiring situations (stressful events); and support-accepting personal style (low neuroticism).
Cultural Perspectives on Aging and Well-Being: A Comparison of Japan and the United States
- Mayumi Karasawa, Katherine B. Curhan, C. Ryff
- PsychologyThe International Journal of Aging & Human…
- 1 July 2011
Testing the hypothesis that older Japanese adults would rate aspects of their well-being more highly that older U.S. adults found partial support: older adults in Japan showed higher scores on personal growth compared to midlife adults, whereas the opposite age pattern was found in the United States.