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A male patient with chronic bloody stool was diagnosed as juvenile polyposis at the age of 28. He had thirty to forty colonic polyps and some were removed endoscopically, while gastric polyps were too numerous to intervene. As the polyposis advanced gradually, the patient developed intractable anemia and serious hypoproteinemia. Albumin scintigram revealed(More)
As part of a prospective study of leptospirosis and biodiversity of Leptospira in the Peruvian Amazon, a new Leptospira species was isolated from humans with acute febrile illness. Field trapping identified this leptospire in peridomestic rats (Rattus norvegicus, six isolates; R. rattus, two isolates) obtained in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas of the(More)
BACKGROUND Renal carriage and shedding of leptospires is characteristic of carrier or maintenance animal hosts. Sporadic reports indicate that after infection, humans may excrete leptospires for extended periods. We hypothesized that, like mammalian reservoir hosts, humans develop asymptomatic leptospiruria in settings of high disease transmission such as(More)
Anecdotal historical evidence suggests that tuberculosis was uncommon at high altitude, but whether transmission is affected by high altitude is not known. To test whether high altitude lowers infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the prevalence of tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity was compared between two high altitude villages (3,340 meters [10,960(More)
BACKGROUND Human noroviruses are among the most common enteropathogens globally, and are a leading cause of infant diarrhea in developing countries. However, data measuring the impact of norovirus at the community level are sparse. METHODS We followed a birth cohort of children to estimate norovirus infection and diarrhea incidence in a Peruvian(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of epilepsy added to inadequate treatment results in chronic morbidity and considerable mortality in poor populations. Neurocysticercosis (NCC), a helminthic disease of the central nervous system, is a leading cause of seizures and epilepsy in most of the world. METHODS Taking advantage of a cysticercosis elimination program, we(More)
Brucella melitensis is highly infectious for humans and can be transmitted to humans in a number of epidemiological contexts. Within the context of an ongoing brucellosis surveillance project, an outbreak at a Peruvian police officer cafeteria was discovered, which led to active surveillance (serology, blood culture) for additional cases among 49 police(More)
PURPOSE The elderly receive many medications which may have adverse effects. Little evidence is available about the epidemiology of potentially inappropriate medications being prescribed to the elderly in Japan as defined by the Beers criteria, or whether or not these medications result in harm when used in this population. METHODS We conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STIs) in heterosexual couples and the sexual behaviors associated with their acquisition. GOAL The goal of this study was to better direct educational efforts to decrease STI among heterosexual couples in Lima, Peru. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a(More)
AIM To evaluate the recurrence rate of uterine fibroids (UF) after abdominal myomectomy and the risk factors for recurrences. METHODS In a retrospective study, transvaginal ultrasound examinations were performed in 135 women after abdominal myomectomy. The main outcome measures were cumulative UF recurrence rates after abdominal myomectomy. The(More)