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The QR regressor tumour (QR-32), a fibrosarcoma which is unable to grow progressively in normal syngeneic C57BL/6 mice, was able to grow progressively in 13 out of 22 mice (59%) when it was subcutaneously coimplanted with gelatin sponge. We established four culture tumour lines from the resultant tumours (QRsP tumour lines). These QRsP tumour lines were(More)
The distribution of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type I receptors and the activin type I receptor (ActR-I) was investigated in 16 cases of human glioma and five cases of non-tumourous gliosis tissue by immunohistochemical technique. Both BMP type IA (BMPR-IA) and the type IB (BMPR-IB) receptors were detected in human glioma cells. A significant increase(More)
Analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures in prostate cancer (PCa) and castration-resistant PCa has revealed that miRNA-223 is significantly downregulated in cancer tissues, suggesting that miR-223 acts as a tumor-suppressive miRNA by targeting oncogenes. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional roles of miR-223 and identify(More)
BACKGROUND Our present study of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) revealed that the clustered miRNAs microRNA-221 (miR-221) and microRNA-222 (miR-222) are significantly downregulated in cancer tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional roles of miR-221 and miR-222 in prostate(More)
To provide an accurate evaluation of the association of human papillomavirus (HPV) with lung cancer, 36 cases of lung cancer were analysed for HPV DNAs by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with dot-blot and Southern blot analyses, and for the transcripts from the E6-E7 transforming region by in situ hybridisation (ISH). HPV-18 DNA was detected in three (8%)(More)
Lung cancer remains the most frequent cause of cancer-related death in developed countries. A recent molecular-targeted strategy has contributed to improvement of the remarkable effect of adenocarcinoma of the lung. However, such treatment has not been developed for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the disease. Our recent studies of microRNA (miRNA)(More)
Neocarzinostatin (NCS) was bound covalently to human/mouse chimeric Fab fragments of MAb A7 (chA7Fab) directed against human pancreatic carcinoma. The anti-tumour effect of chA7Fab-NCS was tested in a nude mouse model on pancreatic carcinoma and compared with A7-NCS or NCS alone. The anti-tumour effect of chA7Fab-NCS increased in a dose-dependent manner and(More)
In Japan, there is as yet no report on growth retardation in children with IBD. We therefore investigated the cause of growth retardation in Japanese children with IBD. We investigated the height, body weight, serum levels of albumin, IGF-I, CRP, and cytokines, and the amount of corticosteroid administered in children with Crohn's disease (CD, n = 15) and(More)
We attempted to induce anti-tumour immunity for rejecting pre-B lymphoma derived from E mu/ret transgenic mice (TGM). We established pre-B-lymphoma cell lines of C57BL/6 x Balb/c background (H-2b/d) into which H-2k alloantigen and C3H background were introduced (retL1-6 and retL6-6), and we inoculated BCF1 mice with these immunising tumour cells. After(More)
The cell kinetics of 54 colorectal tumours were examined by immunohistochemical methods, using the monoclonal antibody DNA polymerase alpha which reacts with an antigen found only in proliferating cells. The rate of DNA polymerase alpha positive cells in colorectal cancer was 44.8%, a figure that was significantly higher than the 21.9% found in colorectal(More)