Mayra Tejuca

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Actinaria cytolysins are very potent basic toxins isolated from the venom of sea anemones, which are supposed to exert their toxic activity through formation of oligomeric pores in the host plasma membrane. To gain insight into their mechanism of action, the interaction of Stichodactyla helianthus sticholysin I (St-I) with lipid bilayers was studied. St-I(More)
The radius of the pore formed by sticholysin I and II (StI, StII) in erythrocytes and sticholysin I in lipid vesicles was investigated. The rate of colloid osmotic lysis of human erythrocytes, exposed to one of the toxins in the presence of sugars of different size, was measured. The relative permeability of each sugar was derived and the pore radius(More)
Attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigate the secondary structure of two pore-forming cytolysins from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus and their interaction with lipid membranes. Frequency component analysis of the amide I' band indicated that these peptides are composed predominantly of(More)
The killing activity of sea-anemone cytolysins on Giardia duodenalis was investigated. Three different toxins, sticholysin I and II from Stichodactyla helianthus (St I and St II) and equinatoxin II from Actinia equina (EqtII) were all found to be active in an acute test, with a C50 in the nanomolar range (St I, 0.5 nM; St II, 1.6 nM; and EqtII, 0.8 nM). A(More)
Two hemolysins, Sticholysin I (St I) and Sticholysin II (St II) were purified from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus combining gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography. The amino acid composition of both cytolysins was determined revealing a high proportion of glycine, lysine, tyrosine and non-polar amino acids (alanine, leucine and valine).(More)
To investigate the role of the N-terminal region in the lytic mechanism of the pore-forming toxin sticholysin II (St II), we studied the conformational and functional properties of peptides encompassing the first 30 residues of the protein. Peptides containing residues 1-30 (P1-30) and 11-30 (P11-30) were synthesized and their conformational properties were(More)
The use of membrane active toxins as toxic moieties in the construction of immunotoxins (ITs) is an attractive alternative to overcome some of the problems of classical ITs since these new conjugates are based in the use of a different mechanism of killing undesired cells. Pore-forming cytolysins from sea anemones were used in the construction of ITs(More)
Equinatoxin II is a pore forming toxin produced by the sea anemone Actinia equina. It is able to kill very unspecifically most cell types by the membrane-perturbing action of an amphiphilic alpha-helix located at its N-terminal. A normally active N-terminal mutant, containing one single cys in the amphiphilic alpha-helix, becomes totally inactive when it is(More)
Sticholysins (Sts) I and II (StI/II) are pore-forming toxins (PFTs) produced by the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus belonging to the actinoporin family, a unique class of eukaryotic PFTs exclusively found in sea anemones. As for the rest of the members of this family, Sts are cysteine-less proteins, with molecular weights around 20 kDa, high(More)
Sticholysins I and II (Sts I and II) are two potent cytolysins from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. These isoforms present 13 substitutions, with three non-conservative located at the N-terminus. St II is considerably more hemolytic than St I in human red blood cells, a result explained by the smaller number of negatively charged groups present at(More)