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In Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), the neuroendocrine and immune systems interactions are impaired. We investigated the pro/anti-inflammatory Th1/Th2 cytokine balance in MDD patients and in non-depressed control group. The MDD subjects showed higher levels of cortisol and TNF-alpha, increased CD3+CD8+ and NK percentages, diminished B cell counts and no(More)
BACKGROUND Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by chronic, widespread muscular pain and tenderness and is generally associated with other somatic and psychological symptoms. Further, circulatory levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-6) may be altered in FM patients, possibly in association with their symptoms. Recently, rises in(More)
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the following persons for their thoughtful suggestions, professionalism, and for taking time off their busy schedule to review the document in its various forms (in alphabetical order by their last name): This paper is also available through the Internet at the California State Library's home page(More)
For a long time several investigations have been performed in order to explain how humans localize sound sources in a natural listening environment. Localization in the horizontal plane is mainly influenced by the time and intensity differences of the arriving sound at the ears, as the pinna´s filtering information is important for vertical plane(More)
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