Maynard J. Mansfield

Learn More
Studies utilizing the administration of GnRH in various GnRH-deficient models have revealed the critical importance of the dose and mode of delivery of this releasing factor in determining the subsequent pituitary response. Chronic administration of long acting GnRH agonists (GnRHa), like continuous infusion of high doses of the native peptide, results in(More)
During puberty the effects of adrenal androgens upon skeletal maturation are obscured by the influence of gonadal steroids. Suppression of gonadarche with an analogue of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRHa) affords an opportunity to examine the onset and progression of adrenarche in the absence of pubertal levels of gonadal steroids in a controlled(More)
In children a progressive decrease in nocturnal serum melatonin (MT) has been shown with advancing age, suggesting a reduction in the amplitude of the circadian MT curve with maturation. Whether this alteration of MT levels is related to human sexual maturation or occurs independently remains to be elucidated. Also, the impact of gonadal steroids on the MT(More)
Chronic GmRH agonist (GnRHa) administration has been shown to suppress pituitary-gonadal function in children with central precocious puberty (CPP), but long term data after the reactivation of gonadarche posttherapy are not yet available. This study evaluated the menstrual function of 46 girls with CPP who had been treated for at least 2 yr with GnRHa(More)
Suppression of gonadal sex steroid secretion in children with central precocious puberty (CPP) by LHRH analogs affords an opportunity to study sex steroid modulation of GH and somatomedin-C (Sm-C) secretion and to examine the role of GH and Sm-C in pubertal and prepubertal statural growth. Nocturnal serum GH and plasma Sm-C levels were measured in 10(More)
Concern has been raised that children with central precocious puberty (CPP) are prone to the development of obesity. Here we report longitudinal height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) data from 96 girls and 14 boys with CPP before, during, and after GnRH agonist (GnRHa) administration. Skinfold thickness (n = 46) and percent body fat by dual energy x-ray(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a preconception counseling program tailored for teens with type 1 diabetes on cognitive, psychosocial, and behavioral outcomes and to assess its cost-effectiveness. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 88 teens with type 1 diabetes from two sites were randomized into the READY-Girls (Reproductive-health Education and(More)
The gonadotropin-releasing hormone-like agonist D-Trp6-Pro9-NEt-LHRH (LHRHa) has been shown to induce a reversible short-term suppression of gonadotropins and gonadal steroids in patients with central precocious puberty. Since accelerated statural growth and bone maturation are clinical features of precocity not well controlled by conventional therapies, we(More)
Recent evidence suggests that a group of children exists in whom premature sexual maturation occurs in the absence of pubertal levels of gonadotropins; that is, they have gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty. We compared six boys and one girl with this disorder with four boys and five girls with central precocious puberty, in which there is a(More)