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Although it is known that noradrenaline (NA) powerfully controls spinal motor networks, few data are available regarding the noradrenergic (NAergic) modulation of intrinsic and synaptic properties of neurons in motor networks. Our work explores the cellular basis of NAergic modulation in the rat motor spinal cord. We first show that lumbar motoneurons(More)
Assumed to rely on an axon reflex, the current-induced vasodilation (CIV) interferes with the microvascular response to iontophoretic drug delivery. Mechanisms resulting in CIV are likely different at the anode and at the cathode. While studies have been conducted to understand anodal CIV, little information is available on cathodal CIV. The present study(More)
Laser Doppler flowmetry signals give information about many physiological activities of the cardiovascular system. The activities manifest themselves in rhythmic cycles. In order to explore these activities during the reactive hyperemia phenomenon, a novel time-frequency method, called the S-transform, based on a scalable Gaussian wavelet, is applied. The(More)
In the present study, we investigated the modulation of short-term depression (STD) at synapses between sensory afferents and rat motoneurons by serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline. STD was elicited with trains of 15 stimuli at 1, 5 and 10 Hz and investigated using whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings from identified motoneurons in the neonatal rat spinal(More)
The two members of the Staufen family of RNA-binding proteins, Stau1 and Stau2, are present in distinct ribonucleoprotein complexes and associate with different mRNAs. Stau1 is required for protein synthesis-dependent long-term potentiation (L-LTP) in hippocampal pyramidal cells. However, the role of Stau2 in synaptic plasticity remains unexplored. We found(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein-2 (4E-BP2) is a repressor of cap-dependent mRNA translation and a major downstream effector of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) implicated in hippocampal long-term synaptic plasticity and memory. Yet, synaptic mechanisms regulated by 4E-BP2 translational repression remain unknown. Combining(More)
Conventional signal processing typically involves frequency selective techniques which are highly inadequate for nonstationary signals. In this paper, we present an approach to perform time-frequency selective processing of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals using the S-transform. The approach is motivated by the excellent localization, in both time and(More)
Hebbian long-term potentiation (LTP) develops at specific synapses onto hippocampal CA1 oriens/alveus interneurons (OA-INs), suggesting selective regulation of distinct input pathways. Afferent-specific properties at interneuron synapses have been characterized extensively in CA3 stratum lucidum cells, but given interneuron diversity these rules of(More)
We previously reported that forearm vasodilation to a delivered all-at-once over 5 min or a 1-min repeated monopolar anodal 0.10-mA current application is aspirin sensitive and that a single high-dose aspirin exerts a long-lived effect in the former case. We hypothesized that 1) in the latter case, the effect of aspirin would also be long lived and 2) the(More)
When using iontophoresis, the 'non-specific' vasodilatation (NSV) that is observed as a result of C-fibre excitation is generally attributed to the local accumulation of protons under the anode. NSV following prolonged 100-microA anodal current application only appears after the current is stopped. Break excitation alone does not explain the delayed onset(More)
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