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It is generally acknowledged that cutaneous vasodilatation in response to monopolar galvanic current application would result from an axon reflex in primary afferent fibers and the neurogenic inflammation resulting from neuropeptide release. Previous studies suggested participation of prostaglandin (PG) in anodal current-induced cutaneous vasodilatation.(More)
Assumed to rely on an axon reflex, the current-induced vasodilation (CIV) interferes with the microvascular response to iontophoretic drug delivery. Mechanisms resulting in CIV are likely different at the anode and at the cathode. While studies have been conducted to understand anodal CIV, little information is available on cathodal CIV. The present study(More)
Although it is known that noradrenaline (NA) powerfully controls spinal motor networks, few data are available regarding the noradrenergic (NAergic) modulation of intrinsic and synaptic properties of neurons in motor networks. Our work explores the cellular basis of NAergic modulation in the rat motor spinal cord. We first show that lumbar motoneurons(More)
The participation of prostaglandins (PGs) in the cutaneous vasodilatation to acetylcholine (ACh) applied via iontophoresis is under debate. Using laser Doppler flowmetry, we studied the long lasting effect (20 min) of iontophoretic application (30 s; 0.1 mA) of ACh on the human forearm. Experiments were repeated (1) using deionized water instead of ACh to(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein-2 (4E-BP2) is a repressor of cap-dependent mRNA translation and a major downstream effector of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) implicated in hippocampal long-term synaptic plasticity and memory. Yet, synaptic mechanisms regulated by 4E-BP2 translational repression remain unknown. Combining(More)
The two members of the Staufen family of RNA-binding proteins, Stau1 and Stau2, are present in distinct ribonucleoprotein complexes and associate with different mRNAs. Stau1 is required for protein synthesis-dependent long-term potentiation (L-LTP) in hippocampal pyramidal cells. However, the role of Stau2 in synaptic plasticity remains unexplored. We found(More)
Laser Doppler flowmetry signals give information about many physiological activities of the cardiovascular system. The activities manifest themselves in rhythmic cycles. In order to explore these activities during the reactive hyperemia phenomenon, a novel time-frequency method, called the S-transform, based on a scalable Gaussian wavelet, is applied. The(More)
We study the dynamics of skin laser Doppler flowmetry signals giving a peripheral view of the cardiovascular system. The analysis of Hölder exponents reveals that the experimental signals are weakly multifractal for young healthy subjects at rest. We implement the same analysis on data generated by a standard theoretical model of the cardiovascular system(More)
In the present study, we investigated the modulation of short-term depression (STD) at synapses between sensory afferents and rat motoneurons by serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline. STD was elicited with trains of 15 stimuli at 1, 5 and 10 Hz and investigated using whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings from identified motoneurons in the neonatal rat spinal(More)
Conventional signal processing typically involves frequency selective techniques which are highly inadequate for nonstationary signals. In this paper, we present an approach to perform time-frequency selective processing of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals using the S-transform. The approach is motivated by the excellent localization, in both time and(More)