Maya Zuckerman

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Startle reactions are inhibited if their elicitation is preceded by weak neutral stimuli at lead times of fractions of a second, or by intense startle-eliciting stimuli at lead times of up to several seconds. In three experiments (a) two weak stimuli, (b) one weak stimulus and one intense stimulus, or (c) two strong stimuli were given in combination. In all(More)
A known contributor to adults' superior memory performance compared to children is their differential reliance on an existing knowledge base. Compared to those of adults, children's semantic networks are less accessible and less established, a difference that is also thought to contribute to children's relative resistance to semantically related false(More)
Metamemory refers to the ability of individuals to monitor and control their own memory performance. Although little theoretical consideration of the possible differences between the monitoring of episodic and of semantic knowledge has been published, results from patient and drug studies that used the "feeling of knowing" (FOK) paradigm show a selective(More)
Failed knowledge recall attempts are sometimes accompanied by a strong feeling of imminent success, giving rise to a "tip-of-the-tongue" (TOT) experience. Similar to successful retrieval (i.e., the Know state, K), a TOT commences with strong cue familiarity but involves only partial retrieval of related information. We sought to characterize the cognitive(More)
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