Maya R. Vilà

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OBJECTIVES To further characterize mtDNA defects associated with autistic features, especially the A3243G mtDNA mutation and mtDNA depletion.Study design Five patients with autistic spectrum disorders and family histories of mitochondrial DNA diseases were studied. We performed mtDNA analysis in all patients and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in three. (More)
In a previous large scale screen for differentially expressed genes in pancreatic cancer, we identified a gene highly overexpressed in cancer encoding a novel protein with four K-homologous (KH) domains. KH-domains are found in a subset of RNA-binding proteins, including pre-mRNA-binding (hnRNP) K protein and the fragile X mental retardation gene product(More)
In 2001, the authors described the clinical features of a genetically distinct autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD; LGMD 1F). Using a genome-wide screen with more than 400 microsatellite markers, the authors identified a novel LGMD disease locus at chromosome 7q32.1-32.2. Within this chromosomal region, filamin C, a gene encoding actin(More)
The mechanisms underlying the appearance of lipomas in patients bearing mutations in the tRNA(Lys) gene of mitochondrial DNA are unknown. We investigated changes in gene expression patterns in lipomas from three patients bearing A8344G or G8363A tRNA(Lys) gene mutations. Uncoupling protein-1 mRNA was detected in the lipomas, in contrast with undetectable(More)
At the IVTIP (in vitro testing industrial platform) meeting of November 26th 2009 entitled 'Toxicology in the 21st century ('21C')--working our way towards a visionary reality' all delegates endorsed the emerging concept of the '21C' vision as the way forward to enable a thorough, reliable and systematic approach to future toxicity testing without the use(More)
Many adverse drug reactions leading to hepatotoxicity are caused by the cytochrome P450-dependent activation of non-toxic drugs or chemicals into reactive metabolites. To this end, adenoviruses were used as a tool to efficiently deliver specific CYP genes into cultured cells (i.e., human hepatoma cell line HepG2). Recombinant-defective adenoviral vectors(More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) are in clinical use or under development for therapeutic imaging and drug delivery. However, relatively little information exists concerning the uptake and transport of NPs across human colon cell layers, or their potential to invade three-dimensional models of human colon cells that better mimic the tissue structures of normal and(More)
Tumor cell growth and differentiation involve several molecular mechanisms that control gene expression and define specific genomic molecular profiles in cancer cells. Among these mechanisms, it has been shown that Alu-repetitive sequences are capable of regulating gene expression at transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels, and also of modulating(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the third most prevalent urological cancer, claims more than 100,000 lives/year worldwide. The clear cell variant (ccRCC) is the most common and aggressive subtype of this disease. While commonly asymptomatic, more than 30% of ccRCC are diagnosed when already metastatic, resulting in a 95% mortality rate. Notably, nearly(More)
Mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK2) catalyzes the phosphorylation of thymidine in mitochondria. Its function becomes essential for dTTP synthesis in noncycling cells, where cytosolic dTTP synthesis via R1/R2 ribonucleotide reductase and thymidine kinase 1 is turned down. Mutations in the nuclear gene for TK2 cause a fatal mtDNA depletion syndrome. Only(More)