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At the surface of Aβ(1-40) amyloid fibrils that have a threefold molecular symmetry (green in the left picture) a site of interaction of the glycosaminoglycan analogue heparin (blue) was identified. The binding site consists of residues at the N terminus and the turn regions defining the apices of the triangular geometry. Heparin has a lower affinity for(More)
(1)H NMR complexation-induced changes in chemical shift (CIS) of HN protons have been used to characterize the complexes of barnase with the deoxyoligonucleotides d(GC) and d(CGAC). Quantitative shift changes are used not only to locate the most probable binding site (using ring-current shifts), but also to determine the orientation of the ligand within the(More)
The 2 S seed storage protein, sunflower albumin 8, contains an unusually high proportion of hydrophobic residues including 16 methionines in a mature protein of 103 amino acids. A structural model, based on the known structure of a related protein, has been constructed as a four-helix bundle cross-linked by four disulphide bonds. This model structure is(More)
The design and engineering of self-assembled peptide-based materials is receiving increasing attention in materials science. This is partly because of the inspiration that biological materials provide to materials scientists; our improved ability to design, engineer and characterize peptides and proteins in general over the past decade; and the variety of(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have shown promise for the optimization of protein-based vaccines because they can transfer exogenous antigens to dendritic cells and at the same time induce their maturation. Great care must be exercised in interpretating HSP-driven studies, as by-products linked to the recombinant generation of these proteins have been shown to(More)
The human papillomavirus (HPV) E2 protein regulates viral gene expression and is also required for viral replication. HPV-transformed cells often contain chromosomally integrated copies of the HPV genome in which the viral E2 gene is disrupted. We have shown previously that re-expression of the HPV 16 E2 protein in HPV 16-transformed cells results in cell(More)
To improve our understanding of conformational transitions in proteins, we are attempting the de novo design of peptides that switch structural state. Here, we describe coiled-coil peptides with sequence and structural duality; that is, features compatible with two different coiled-coil motifs superimposed within the same sequence. Specifically, we promoted(More)
The ubiquitin (Ub)-binding p62 scaffold protein (encoded by the SQSTM1 gene) regulates a diverse range of signalling pathways leading to activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) family of transcription factors and is an important regulator of macroautophagy. Mutations within the gene encoding p62 are commonly found in patients with Paget's(More)
In this work we measured 1H NMR chemical shifts for the ribonuclease barnase at pressures from 3 MPa to 200 MPa, both free and bound to d(CGAC). Shift changes with pressure were used as restraints to determine the change in structure with pressure. Free barnase is compressed by approximately 0.7%. The largest changes are on the ligand-binding face close to(More)
The 2 S seed storage protein, sunflower albumin 8 (SFA-8), contains an unusually high proportion of hydrophobic residues including 16 methionines (some of which may form a surface hydrophobic patch) in a disulfide cross-linked, alpha-helical structure. Circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy show that SFA-8 is highly stable to denaturation by(More)