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Pax-6, a transcription regulatory factor, has been demonstrated to play important roles in eye, nose, and brain development by analyzing mice, rats, and humans with a Pax-6 gene mutation. We examined the role of Pax-6 with special attention to the formation of efferent and afferent pathways of the cerebral cortex by using the rat Small eye (rSey2), which(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels play a crucial role in coupling metabolic energy to the membrane potential of cells. We have isolated a cDNA encoding a novel member (uKATP-1) of the inward rectifier K+ channel family from a rat pancreatic islet cDNA library. Rat uKATP-1 is a 424-amino acid residue protein (M(r) = 47,960). Electrophysiological studies of(More)
The signals that prompt the axons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. Here, we report that galectin-1 can play an important role in this initial stage. We developed an in vitro nerve regeneration model that allows us to monitor the initial axon and support cell outgrowth from the proximal nerve stump, which is(More)
TAG-1 is a neural recognition molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily that is predominantly expressed in the developing brain. Several lines of evidence suggest that TAG-1 is involved in the outgrowth, guidance, and fasciculation of neurites. To directly assess the function of TAG-1 in vivo, we have generated mice with a deletion in the gene encoding(More)
1. The adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K+ channel of guinea-pig ventricular cells was examined in the presence and absence of internal Mg2+ or Na+ using an open cell-attached configuration of the patch-clamp technique. 2. Millimolar concentrations of internal Mg2+ ([Mg2+]i) produced marked fluctuations in the outward current, and the amplitude of(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for 34 children with spastic diplegia, examined between two and 10 years of age, were analysed. Dilatation of the trigone, atrophy of the peritrigonal white matter and prominent deep cortical sulci were seen. On T2-weighted images, periventricular high-intensity areas in the white matter adjacent to the trigones and(More)
OBJECTIVE Meniscal regeneration was previously shown to be enhanced by injection of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) but the mode of action of the MSCs was not established. The aim of this study was to define how injection of MSCs enhances meniscal regeneration. DESIGN A hemi-meniscectomy model in rats was used. Rat-MSCs (rMSCs) or human-MSCs (hMSCs)(More)
In single guinea pig ventricular cells, genistein, a potent inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), was found to suppress the delayed-rectifier K (IK) current. The present study was carried out to examine the underlying mechanism. Ventricular myocytes were voltage-clamped in the conventional whole-cell mode (36 degrees C). The amplitudes of tail and(More)
Beta-Adrenoceptor agonists activate a time- and voltage-independent Cl- conductance in mammalian cardiac myocytes. To characterize the cellular signaling pathways underlying its regulation, wide-tipped pipettes fitted with a pipette perfusion device were used to record whole-cell current and to introduce nucleotides to the interior of guinea pig ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is a collagen-like plasma protein specifically synthesized in adipose tissue. Plasma adiponectin concentrations are decreased in obesity whereas it is adipose-specific. OBJECTIVE To clarify the significance of the genetic variations in adiponectin gene on its plasma concentrations and obesity. SUBJECTS Two hundred and nineteen(More)