May KM Leung

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Tetracyclines are now recognized to have non-antimicrobial properties with therapeutic potential--for example, these agents can inhibit pathologic collagenolysis by blocking mammalian collagenases and other matrix-degrading metalloproteinases. In the current study, adult human subjects with moderate chronic periodontitis were administered specially(More)
The presence of morphine-like and codeine-like substances was demonstrated in the pedal ganglia, hemolymph, and mantle tissues of the mollusc Mytilus edulis. The pharmacological activities of the endogenous morphine-like material resemble those of authentic morphine. Both substances were found to counteract, in a dose-dependent manner, the stimulatory(More)
Various reports have shown that invertebrate hemocytes are responsive to mammalian neuropeptides and cytokines. In the present study, we demonstrate that corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) fragments (1-24), (1-4), (4-9), (1-13), (1-17), and (11-24) significantly stimulate molluscan hemocyte migration, and the whole sequence(More)
A new therapeutic approach involves the discovery by the "Stony Brook group," that tetracyclines, but not other antibiotics, can inhibit host-derived collagen-destructive enzymes. This newly discovered property of tetracyclines is unrelated to the antimicrobial activity of these drugs. Examples support the hypothesis that this unexpected property of(More)
An earlier study indicated that a chemically-modified non-antimicrobial tetracycline (4-de-dimethylaminotetracycline; CMT-1) can inhibit excess collagenase activity in the connective tissues of diabetic rats, however, the optimum oral dose and resulting serum concentration were not determined. In the current study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (body(More)
Evidence for the participation of opioid neuropeptides in immunoregulatory activities, especially cellular adherence and migration, has been obtained in representatives of two phyla of invertebrates, the mollusc Mytilus edulis and the insect Leucophaea maderae. The injection of a synthetic analog of [Met]enkephalin [( D-Ala2,Met5]enkephalinamide, DAMA;(More)
Mytilus edulis has been the subject of recent studies to determine whether the relationship between the immune and neuroendocrine systems seen in vertebrates also exists in invertebrates. The effects of mammalian monokines were studied in Mytilus immunocytes previously shown to produce and react to opioid peptides. These invertebrate cells respond to(More)
The present report demonstrates that both mouse thymocytes and Mytilus edulis hemocytes contain a novel type of dopamine receptor. Scatchard analysis of these data revealed a single class of high-affinity binding sites with an affinity constant (Kd) of 6.6 nM, and a binding site density (Bmax) of 141 pmol/g protein in mice and a Kd of 7.6 nM and a Bmax of(More)
D'-Ala-2 met-5-enkephalinamide application to the cerebral ganglia of Leucophaea maderae results in a decrease in locomotor activity. The opiate antagonist, naloxone, can block this effect as well as the depressant effect of morphine on locomotor activity. D-Ala-2,leu-5-enkephalinamide and dynorphin enhance locomotor activity following their topical(More)
The serum protein, alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI), defends the host against serine proteinases, e.g. PMN elastase. Using a rabbit anti-serum against human alpha 1-PI, this protein in GCF was quantified from a standard curve constructed from dot-blot analysis and characterized by Western blot. GCF was collected on filter paper strips from healthy(More)