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RATIONALE Severe pulmonary hypertension occurs occasionally in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but no detailed description of these patients is available. OBJECTIVES To identify and characterize patients with COPD and severe pulmonary hypertension. METHODS Retrospective study of 27 patients with COPD with severe pulmonary(More)
The frequency of daytime pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has not been well established and its mechanisms are still under debate. We have thus performed right heart catheterization, in addition to standard spirography and arterial blood gas measurements, in a series of 46 consecutive patients in whom OSAS(More)
"Cor pulmonale" is a classic feature of the "Pickwickian syndrome". Earlier studies have reported a high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients, but this has not been confirmed by recent studies with a more adequate methodology, including larger groups of patients. The first part of this review is devoted to the(More)
In 175 patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (157 chronic bronchitic and 18 emphysematous patients) exhibiting moderate to severe airway obstruction (mean FEV1/vital capacity = 40.2 +/- 11.1%), cumulative survival rates calculated by the actuarial method were compared in subgroups according to the initial level of mean pulmonary artery pressure,(More)
The prognostic value and the evolution of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with markedly hypoxemic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), treated or not with long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT), has been extensively investigated. However, little is known in patients with mildly or moderately hypoxemic COPD not requiring LTOT. Therefore, we(More)
It has been hypothesized but not firmly established that sleep-related hypoxaemia could favour the development of pulmonary hypertension in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients without marked daytime hypoxaemia. We have investigated the relationships between pulmonary function data, sleep-related desaturation and daytime pulmonary(More)
Ninety-three patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of the bronchitic (n = 74) or emphysematous type (n = 19), who all had arterial hypoxemia, underwent 2 right cardiac catheterizations in a clinical steady state, with a delay of 5 yr or more between the first and the last catheterization. No patients received long-term O2 therapy(More)
Sixteen patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (average values at the onset of O2 therapy: FEV1, 891 +/- 284 ml; PaO2, 50.2 +/- 6.6 mmHg; PaCO2, 51.0 +/- 6.4 mmHg) underwent 3 consecutive right heart catheterizations. The first was performed 47 +/- 28 months (T0) before the onset of long-term O2 therapy (LTO2). The second was(More)
Pulmonary hemodynamics have been extensively investigated in patients with chronic bronchitis or in 'mixed' patients (chronic bronchitis + emphysema) but rarely in patients with markedly predominant emphysema. We have investigated a large series (n = 151) of such patients, emphysema having been assessed on radiological, clinical and functional grounds. The(More)
65 patients with interstitial lung diseases were subdivided into two groups: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other interstitial pulmonary diseases (OIP) according to histopathological, immunological and follow-up findings. Arterial blood gases and pulmonary hemodynamics at rest and during steady-state exercise were compared in these two groups (IPF(More)