Maxwell Lewis Neal

Learn More
We have studied the ultrastructural features of vascular lesions and mitochondria in brain vascular wall cells from human AD brain biopsy, human short postmortem brain tissues, and yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) and C57B6/SJL transgenic positive (Tg+) mice overexpressing amyloid beta precursor protein (AbetaPP). In situ hybridization using mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastomas with a specific mutation in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene have a better prognosis than gliomas with wild-type IDH1. METHODS Here we compare the IDH1 mutational status in 172 contrast-enhancing glioma patients with the invasion profile generated by a patient-specific mathematical model we developed based on MR imaging.(More)
Accurate clinical assessment of a patient's response to treatment for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most malignant type of primary brain tumor, is undermined by the wide patient-to-patient variability in GBM dynamics and responsiveness to therapy. Using computational models that account for the unique geometry and kinetics of individual patients'(More)
It has become increasingly evident that the descriptions of many complex diseases are only possible by taking into account multiple influences at different physiological scales. To do this with computational models often requires the integration of several models that have overlapping scales (genes to molecules, molecules to cells, cells to tissues). The(More)
We introduce and define the Ontology of Physics for Biology (OPB), a reference ontology of physical principles that bridges the gap between bioinformat-ics modeling of biological structures and the bio-simulation modeling of biological processes. Where-as modeling anatomical entities is relatively well-studied, representing the physics-based semantics of(More)
JSim is a simulation system for developing models, designing experiments, and evaluating hypotheses on physiological and pharmacological systems through the testing of model solutions against data. It is designed for interactive, iterative manipulation of the model code, handling of multiple data sets and parameter sets, and for making comparisons among(More)
The absence of perivascular nerves in tumour vessels suggests that endothelium derived vasoactive substances [nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1)] may be key factors in controlling tumour blood flow during tumour growth and metastasis. We have studied the ultrastructural distribution and immunoreactivity of different NO synthase (NOS) isoforms and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and stroke are two leading causes of age-associated dementia. A rapidly growing body of evidence indicates that increased oxidative stress from reactive oxygen radicals is associated with the aging process and age-related degenerative disorders such as atherosclerosis, ischemia/reperfusion, arthritis, stroke, and neurodegenerative(More)
OBJECT Malignant gliomas are incurable, primary brain neoplasms noted for their potential to extensively invade brain parenchyma. Current methods of clinical imaging do not elucidate the full extent of brain invasion, making it difficult to predict which, if any, patients are likely to benefit from gross total resection. Our goal was to apply a mathematical(More)
Currently, biosimulation researchers use a variety of computational environments and languages to model biological processes. Ideally, researchers should be able to semiautomatically merge models to more effectively build larger, multi-scale models. However, current modeling methods do not capture the underlying semantics of these models sufficiently to(More)