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A reproducible and simple system for the production of germ tubes from yeast cells of Candida albicans using glucose and glutamine as substrates has been described. During germ tube formation there was a doubling of the dry weight but the number of cells remained constant. Although the DNA content did not change for the first 4 h of germ tube formation, the(More)
Two forms of N-acetylglucosaminidase were purified to homogeneity by ion exchange (TSK DEAE-3SW, Aquapore CX-300) and gel filtration (TSK G4000 SW) HPLC of Candida albicans ATCC 10261 culture filtrates. Synthesis and secretion of N-acetylglucosaminidase were induced by incubating starved yeast cells at 37 degrees C in medium containing N-acetylglucosamine(More)
Activities and properties of the ammonium assimilation enzymes NADP+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), glutamate synthase (GOGAT) and glutamine synthetase (GS) were determined in batch and continuous cultures of Candida albicans. NADP+-dependent GDH activity showed allosteric kinetics, with an S0.5 for 2-oxoglutarate of 7.5 mM and an apparent Km for(More)
The synthesis of chitin during germ-tube formation in Candida albicans may be regulated by the first and last steps in the chitin pathway: namely l-glutamine-d-fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase and chitin synthase. Induction of germ-tube formation with either glucose and glutamine or serum was accompanied by a 4-fold increase in the specific activity of(More)
N-Acetylglucosaminidase was induced by either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylmannosamine in several strains of Candida albicans. Enzyme activity was not induced in a N-acetylglucosamine non-utilizing mutant which is unable to express the first three steps in the N-acetylglucosamine catabolic pathway. The enzyme, purified 500-fold, had a specific activity of(More)
PMA1 expression, plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase enzyme kinetics, and the distribution of the ATPase have been studied in carbon-starved Candida albicans induced with glucose for yeast growth at pH 4.5 and for germ tube formation at pH 6.7. PMA1 expression parallels expression of the constitutive ADE2 gene, increasing up to sixfold during yeast growth and(More)
A multiply auxotrophic strain, hOG45, was derived from Candida albicans ATCC 10261. Prototrophic revertants of this multiple auxotroph were selected after mutagenesis. These prototrophic revertants were distinguishable from the original prototroph, ATCC 10261, because of their mitotic instability. They gave rise to auxotrophic derivatives which displayed(More)
The uptake of nutrients (glucose, glutamine, and N-acetylglucosamine), the intracellular concentrations of metabolites (glucose-6-phosphate, cyclic AMP, amino acids, trehalose, and glycogen) and cell wall composition were studied in Candida albicans. These analyses were carried out with exponential-phase, stationary-phase, and starved yeast cells, and(More)