Maxwell E Edmond

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In a case-control study 82 patients with Crohn's disease and matched controls drawn from general practice lists were questioned about their smoking habits. Patients with Crohn's disease were significantly more likely to be smokers than the controls, and the association was stronger for smoking habit before the onset of the disease than for current smoking(More)
In a case-control study of smoking and ulcerative colitis patients with the disease were much less likely to smoke than community controls matched for age and sex. The difference was substantial, with an estimated relative risk of 3.8 for non-smoking on current habits, was even larger (6.2) when habits at onset of the disease were examined, and was mainly(More)
Previous studies have consistently found strong positive associations between refined sugar intake and Crohn's disease (CD) and recently between smoking and CD. As refined sugar intake and smoking are themselves associated we have enquired about smoking and added sugar intake (AS) and smoking in CD using a postal questionnaire sent to 104 CD patients and(More)
To determine whether the social class differences in duodenal ulcer frequency may be explained by differences in physical activity at work, the energy expenditure during work, smoking habits, and social class were compared in 76 recently diagnosed duodenal ulcer patients and in age and sex matched community controls. As anticipated, the relative risk of(More)
An association between duodenal ulceration and a low fibre intake and a high refined carbohydrate diet has been reported. We therefore compared the current diet, smoking habits, social class, and possible other risk factors of 78 patients with duodenal ulcer and a community control group matched for age and sex. Logistic regression for matched sets was used(More)
Effects of inbreeding on couples' fertility and primary sterility were investigated in five marriages between uncle and niece, 251 marriages between first-degree cousins, and 358 marriages between first-degree cousins once removed from Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. Three control groups matched on the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the(More)
The major outer sheath protein (Msp) is a primary virulence determinant in Treponema denticola, as well as the parental ortholog for the Treponema pallidum repeat (Tpr) family in the syphilis spirochete. The Conserved Domain Database (CDD) server revealed that Msp contains two conserved domains, major outer sheath protein(N) (MOSP(N)) and MOSP(C), spanning(More)
Effects of inbreeding on the prereproductive mortality, excluding spontaneous abortions, were investigated among offspring of 251 marriages between first-degree cousins (2:2) and 358 marriages between first-degree cousins once removed (2:3) from Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. A control group matched on the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the(More)
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