Maxwell D. Collins

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Arsenic is an environmental contaminant that induces congenital malformations, primarily neural tube defects, in laboratory animals, and it may contribute to human birth defects. The acute doses of arsenicals required to elicit teratogenesis in outbred strains of mice, however, are orders of magnitude higher than those to which humans are exposed(More)
We develop new algorithms to analyze and exploit the joint subspace structure of a set of related images to facilitate the process of concurrent segmentation of a large set of images. Most existing approaches for this problem are either limited to extracting a single similar object across the given image set or do not scale well to a large number of images(More)
Either an excess or a deficiency of vitamin A and related compounds (retinoids) causes abnormal morphological development (teratogenesis). Potential retinoid sources come from dietary intake, nutritional supplements, and some therapeutic drugs. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of retinoid teratogenesis is important. This review first gives an(More)
The morphogenetic role of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) during limb development, especially its activity in directing anterior/posterior pattern formation remains controversial. We have measured retinoids and cytosolic binding proteins in anterior and posterior pieces of limb buds from comparably aged chick and mouse embryos expecting that localization(More)
We recast the Cosegmentation problem using Random Walker (RW) segmentation as the core segmentation algorithm, rather than the traditional MRF approach adopted in the literature so far. Our formulation is similar to previous approaches in the sense that it also permits Cosegmentation constraints (which impose consistency between the extracted objects from(More)
Linear regression is a parametric model which is ubiquitous in scientific analysis. The classical setup where the observations and responses, i.e., (x<sub>i</sub>, y<sub>i</sub>) pairs, are Euclidean is well studied. The setting where yi is manifold valued is a topic of much interest, motivated by applications in shape analysis, topic modeling, and medical(More)
This paper focuses on efficient algorithms for single and multi-view spectral clustering with a convex regularization term for very large scale image datasets. In computer vision applications, multiple views denote distinct image-derived feature representations that inform the clustering. Separately, the regularization encodes high level advice such as tags(More)
The effects of acetazolamide on the developing rodent limb bud were postulated to result from a reduction of intracellular pH (pHi). Embryonic intracellular pH was calculated from transplacental distribution of the weak acid, 5,5'-dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione, in teratogenically sensitive (C57BL/6) and resistant (SWV) inbred mice. pHi was reduced by(More)
Plasma concentrations of retinyl esters, retinol, retinol-binding protein and the polar retinol metabolites all-trans-retinoic acid, 13-cis-retinoic acid, all-trans-4-oxoretinoic acid and 13-cis-4-oxoretinoic acid were measured for six male volunteers who received 0.46 mg retinyl palmitate per kilogram body weight as oily drops (equivalent to 0.25 mg(More)