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Defective function of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor ablates proteolytic regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor alpha subunits (HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha), leading to constitutive activation of hypoxia pathways in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Here we report a comparative analysis of the functions of HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha in RCC and non-RCC(More)
Mutations in von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene (VHL) underlie the VHL hereditary cancer syndrome and also occur in most sporadic clear cell renal cell cancers (CCRCC). Currently, the mechanism(s) by which VHL loss of function promotes tumor development in the kidney are not fully elucidated. Here, we show that VHL inactivation in precancerous lesions(More)
The mechanism of leukocyte migration through venular walls in vivo is largely unknown. By using immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscopy, the present study demonstrates the existence of regions within the walls of unstimulated murine cremasteric venules where expression of key vascular basement membrane (BM) constituents, laminin 10, collagen IV,(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) initiates important developmental and oncogenic transcriptional pathways. The AR is known to bind as a homodimer to 15-base pair bipartite palindromic androgen-response elements; however, few direct AR gene targets are known. To identify AR promoter targets, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation with on-chip detection of genomic(More)
Haemangioblastomas are the key central nervous system manifestation of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, which is caused by germline mutation of the VHL gene. We have recently shown that 'tumour-free' spinal cord from patients with VHL disease contains microscopic, poorly differentiated cellular aggregates in nerve root tissue, which we descriptively(More)
A striking feature of Ewing sarcoma is the presence of blood lakes lined by tumor cells. The significance of these structures, if any, is unknown. Here, we report that the extent of blood lakes correlates with poor clinical outcomes, whereas variables of angiogenesis do not. We also show that Ewing sarcoma cells form vessel-like tubes in vitro and express(More)
Mutations of the tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme fumarate hydratase cause hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer. Fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cancers are highly aggressive and metastasize even when small, leading to a very poor clinical outcome. Fumarate, a small molecule metabolite that accumulates in fumarate hydratase-deficient cells,(More)
Growing evidence points to defects in the primary cilium as a critical mechanism underlying renal cyst development. Inactivation of the VHL gene is responsible for the autosomal dominant condition von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease and is implicated in most sporadic clear cell renal carcinomas. Manifestations of VHL disease include cysts in several organs,(More)
Acute renal failure resulting from hypoperfusion and hypoxia is a significant clinical problem. Hypoxia activates the heterodimeric transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), leading to changes in gene expression that promote tissue adaptation and survival. To determine whether HIF may protect the kidney from ischemia-reperfusion injury, we(More)
The Hypoxia-inducible transcription Factor (HIF) represents an important adaptive mechanism under hypoxia, whereas sustained activation may also have deleterious effects. HIF activity is determined by the oxygen regulated α-subunits HIF-1α or HIF-2α. Both are regulated by oxygen dependent degradation, which is controlled by the tumor suppressor "von(More)