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OBJECTIVE To evaluate an integrated battery of preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tasks developed to identify cortical areas associated with tactile, motor, language, and visual functions. METHODS Sensitivity of each task was determined by the probability that a targeted region was activated for both healthy volunteers (n = 63) and(More)
Although the correspondence between functional-magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) representations of the sensorimotor cortex and intraoperative electrophysiology (including somatosensory evoked potential, SSEP, recordings and direct cortical stimulation) has been reported, a similar correspondence between fMRI and intraoperative localization of the(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases represent the most common intracranial tumors and are associated with very poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility, survival, and cerebral disease control of patients with singular brain metastases treated with stereotactic 125iodine brachytherapy (SBT), to identify prognostic factors, and to compare results(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stereotactic radiosurgery with an adapted linear accelerator (linac-SRS) is an established therapy option for brain metastases, benign brain tumors, and arteriovenous malformations. We intended to investigate whether the dosimetric quality of treatment plans achieved with a CyberKnife (CK) is at least equivalent to that for linac-SRS(More)
OBJECT This prospective longitudinally designed study was conducted to evaluate language functions pre- and postoperatively in patients who underwent microsurgical treatment of tumors in close proximity to or within language areas and to detect those patients at risk for a postoperative aphasic disturbance. METHODS Between 1991 and 2005, 153 awake(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) PET for differentiating local recurrent brain metastasis from radiation necrosis after radiation therapy because the use of contrast-enhanced MRI for this issue is often difficult. METHODS Thirty-one patients (mean age ± SD, 53 ± 11 y) with(More)
BACKGROUND The feasibility and safety of stereotactic biopsy for brainstem tumors (BSTs) are controversial. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported as the preferred diagnostic tool, histopathological analysis is frequently necessary to establish a definitive diagnosis. Recent advances in molecular characterization of brainstem(More)
This paper reports on stereotactic biopsy combined with stereotactic (125)iodine brachytherapy (SBT) for locally recurrent, previously irradiated cerebral metastases, focusing on feasibility, complications, cerebral disease control, and survival. All patients with suspected locally recurrent metastases detected by MRI were selected for this combined(More)
PURPOSE To compare stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for treating singular cerebral metastases, regarding feasibility, complications, cerebral disease control, and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS For this retrospective, single-center study, all patients treated for newly diagnosed, untreated singular cerebral metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a widely available method and is therefore progressively utilized in neurosurgical practice. This study was carried out to determine fMRI sensitivity and specificity and to emphasize the threshold dependence of fMRI data. METHODS A total of 17 consecutive patients, scheduled for surgery on(More)