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OBJECTIVE To evaluate an integrated battery of preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tasks developed to identify cortical areas associated with tactile, motor, language, and visual functions. METHODS Sensitivity of each task was determined by the probability that a targeted region was activated for both healthy volunteers (n = 63) and(More)
Although the correspondence between functional-magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) representations of the sensorimotor cortex and intraoperative electrophysiology (including somatosensory evoked potential, SSEP, recordings and direct cortical stimulation) has been reported, a similar correspondence between fMRI and intraoperative localization of the(More)
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a widely available method and is therefore progressively utilized in neurosurgical practice. This study was carried out to determine fMRI sensitivity and specificity and to emphasize the threshold dependence of fMRI data. METHODS A total of 17 consecutive patients, scheduled for surgery on(More)
The time course of blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown after traumatic brain injury (TBI) has important implications for therapy. This study was conducted in order to test post-traumatic BBB dysfunction in a model of fluid-percussion induced TBI in rabbits at 1 and 6 hours after TBI and relate it to white blood cell (WBC) activation. Ten anesthetized(More)
Microsurgical resection is the most frequently suggested treatment option for accessible focal brainstem gliomas (F-BSG) of World Health Organization (WHO) grades I and II. Because of their location in the highly eloquent brain, however, resection is associated with permanent postoperative morbidity, ranging from 12 to 33 %. Only a few reports have(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in pediatric patients presents a unique set of problems due to the need for patient compliance, the frequent need for sedation and an early developmental status. A new method for using fMRI in sedated infants and young children is presented using passive stimuli focused on visual, sensorimotor and language(More)
The center of mass (COM) in functional MRI studies is defined as the center of a cerebral activation cluster. Although the COM is a well-accepted parameter for exactly localizing brain function, the reliability of COMs has not received much attention until now. Our goal was to investigate COM reliability as a function of the thresholding technique, the(More)
BACKGROUND Structural follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases frequently displays local changes in the area of applied irradiation, which are often difficult to interpret (e.g., local tumor recurrence, radiation-induced changes). The use of stereotactic biopsy for histological assessment of these(More)
Previous work has shown that the sieA gene of Salmonella bacteriophage P22 is located between the genes mnt and 16. We cloned DNA fragments of the region into multicopy vectors and tested the transformants for mediating superinfection exclusion. Subcloning, phenotypical tests, and DNA sequencing resulted in the identification of the sieA gene. There are two(More)
This paper reports on stereotactic biopsy combined with stereotactic (125)iodine brachytherapy (SBT) for locally recurrent, previously irradiated cerebral metastases, focusing on feasibility, complications, cerebral disease control, and survival. All patients with suspected locally recurrent metastases detected by MRI were selected for this combined(More)